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Research Activities in the Virtual Curation Laboratory

Last updated September 2, 2017

Virtual Curation Laboratory (VCL) personnel have provided presentations or demonstrations to a wide variety of audiences since the founding of the VCL in August 2011, ranging from the general public to professional archaeologists. These outreach efforts have been integral to determining the full potential that virtual artifact collections can have in all aspects of the stewardship of the world’s heritage. The formal publications, presentations and demonstrations conducted through the VCL are listed below in chronological order, from the most recent to the oldest. Many of the presentations and demonstrations are by undergraduate students at Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, Virginia.

Publications in 2017

French, Yvonne
2017    3D replicas create museums where touching is encouraged. The National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped Quarterly Newsletter, April to June. Electronic document, https://www.loc.gov/nls/about/news/quarterly-newsletter-news/april-june-2017-newsletter/#_3d, accessed July 10, 2017.

Means, Bernard K.
2017a  Seek Out a Diverse Range of Experiences. The SAA Archaeological Record 17 (3):33-35. Electronic document, http://www.saa.org/Portals/0/SAA_Record_May_2017.pdf, accessed May 24, 2017.

2017b  The Virtues of Virtual Curation. The Affiliate magazine of the Smithsonian Affiliatons Program, Spring 2017, page 5.

2017c  A Digital Passport to the Past: The ‘Accidental’ Public Archaeology of the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Public Archaeology 15:1-9.

2017d  Book Review of 3D Recording, Documentation and Management of Cultural Heritage. Historical Archaeology (in press).

Presentations in 2017

Beyond the Valley of the Mastodons: 3-D Technology and Ice Age Animals of North America. Presentation by Bernard K. Means at the “Valley of the Mastodons conference and workshop” organized by Alton Dooley and Kathlyn Smith, Western Science Center, Hemet, California, August 3, 2017.

Beyond the Valley of the Mastodons: 3-D Technology and the Mastodons of North America. Poster by Bernard K. Means and Terrie Simons-Ehrhardt with illustrations by Isabel Griffin at the “Valley of the Mastodons conference and workshop” organized by Alton Dooley and Kathlyn Smith, Western Science Center, Hemet, California, August 2 to 4, 2017.

Research and Analytical Approaches to Archaeology. Presentation by Bernard K. Means at the Indian Council of Social Sciences workshop “Research Methodology and SPSS Usage in Data in Social Sciences” organized by the School of Humanities and Social Sciences of H.N.B. Garhwal University, Srinagar (Garhwal), Uttarakhand, India, May 18, 2017.

Printing History, Archaeology and Paleontology. Presentation to Judith Fitzpatrick’s 4th grade class, Short Pump Elementary School, May 1, 2017. Short Pump, Virginia.

Slavery and the African American Experience: Virtual Archaeology and Encyclopedia Virginia. Presentation by Bernard K. Means at the Small Finds Workgroup, George Washington’s Mount Vernon, Mount Vernon, Virginia, April 17, 2017.

Future of Richmond’s Past and the 3-D Printed Past of Slavery in America. Hands-on public outreach event by Adam Blakemore and Madelyn Knighting at the American Civil War Museum, Richmond, Virginia, April 8, 2017.

Pennsylvania’s Public Archaeology: Now in 3D!! Presentation by Bernard K. Means in the session “Public Outreach: Preserving the Past with New Technology,” organized by Bernard K. Means for the Pennsylvania Archaeological Council, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, April 7, 2017.

3D Archaeology and World War I. Demonstration by Bernard K. Means at the Virginia WWI Memorial Carillon Tower commemoration of the 100th Anniversary of America’s entry into World War I, Richmond, Virginia, April 6, 2017.

How is Archaeology Addressing Contemporary Problems: The Archaeology of Slavery and Human Trafficking Today. Presentation by Bernard K. Means in the session “So Do You, Like, Wear A Hat Like Indy?” “Cool, I Love Dinosaurs!” “My Grandpa Has This Really Awesome Pot In The Attic.” “Can You Shut Down The Pipeline?”—Effective Communication About Archaeology In Three Minutes Or Less” session sponsored by Public Education Committee and Public Archaeology Interest Group, and moderated by Rebecca L. Simon, Elizabeth C. Reetz and Meredith Anderson Langlitz. Society for American Archaeology annual meeting, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, April 2, 2017.

Building a Virtual Bridge Connecting Indian Himalayan Archaeology with a Virginia University and the World. Presentation by Bernard K. Means, Vinod Nautiyal, Mohan Naithani, Sudhir Nautiyal, Akanksha Rai, Wasamah Shaikh and Charlie Parker in the session Methods and Models for Teaching Digital Archaeology and Heritage, organized by Ethan Watrall, Society for American Archaeology annual meeting, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, March 30, 2017.

3D Archaeology. Presentation and demonstration to the Veterans Curation Program, Alexandria Office, Alexandria, Virginia, March 24, 2017,

Every Lesson an Object Lesson: Using 3D Technologies to Create Immersive Tactile Experiences. Presentation and demonstration by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory) and Jeff Aronowitz (The Valentine) at the annual meeting of the Virginia Association of Museums, Roanoke, Virginia, March 20, 2017.

Educating the Next Generation: From Ben Franklin’s Mastodon Tooth to an Historic Dog Burial. Demonstration by Brittany Blanchard, Celeste Fuentes and Madelyn Knighting in the workshop “Social Objects: Connecting Collections, Research, and the Public,” organized by Elizabeth Moore (Virginia Museum of Natural History) and Bernard K. Means at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Virginia Beach, Virginia, March 18, 2017.

Displaying the Printed Past. Demonstration by Bernard K. Means in the workshop “Social Objects: Connecting Collections, Research, and the Public,” organized by Elizabeth Moore  (Virginia Museum of Natural History) and Bernard K. Means at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Virginia Beach, Virginia, March 18, 2017.

The Arts of Digital Mending and Preservation. Invited presentation in the session entitled “Managing Change: Archaeological Conservation in the Mid-Atlantic,” organized by Laurie King (Mariners Museum) and Emily Williams (Colonial Williamsburg Foundation) at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Virginia Beach, Virginia, March 17, 2017.

Virtual Curation Laboratory: Preserving the Past for the Future. Invited presentation and demonstration as part of the session “Making Your Collections Accessible….. and How!” organized by Samantha Dorsey for the Historic House Museums Consortium of Washington, D.C., Gunston Hall, Fairfax County, Virginia, February 9, 2017.

The Past in 3D: Research and Outreach in the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Presentation by Bernard K. Means at the Berglund Seminar Series, Virginia Commonwealth University Honors College, February 1, 2017, Richmond, Virginia.

Virtual Public Archaeology: Using 3D Imaging and Printing to Engage, Educate, and Enthrall the Public. Poster presented by Kevin Gidusko and Bernard K. Means at the Society for Historical Archaeology annual meeting, January 2017, Fort Worth, Texas.

Media in 2017

Ault, Tony
2017a  New ‘Valley of the Mastodons’ exhibit coming to Western Science Center in August. Valley News, June 19, 2017. Electronic document, http://myvalleynews.com/entertainment/new-valley-mastodons-exhibit-coming-western-science-center-august/, accessed July 1, 2017.

2017b  ‘Valley of the Mastodons’ exhibit open at Hemet’s Western Science Center Museum. Valley News, August 12, 2017.  Electronic document, http://myvalleynews.com/education/valley-mastodons-exhibit-open-hemets-western-science-center-museum/, accessed August 13, 2017.

Clarke, Corey
2017    3D Printing News Sliced: Virginia Commonwealth University, Microsoft, Renishaw, Olaf Diegel. 3D Printing Industry.com. Electronic document, https://3dprintingindustry.com/news/3d-printing-news-sliced-virginia-commonwealth-university-microsoft-renishaw-olaf-diegel-118842/, accessed July 24, 2017.

David
2017    Virtual Curation Laboratory in Virginia builds huge catalog of replica 3D printed artefacts. Electronic document, http://www.3ders.org/articles/20170608-virtual-curation-laboratory-in-virginia-builds-huge-catalog-of-replica-3d-printed-artefacts.html, accessed June 9, 2017.

Gresham, Tom
2017    Community members, VCU reflect on tradition of community-university partnerships: Division of Community Engagement celebrates 10 years, awards grants to projects. VCU News May 8, 2017. Electronic document, http://news.vcu.edu/article/Community_members_VCU_reflect_on_tradition_of_communityuniversity?utm_source=VCUNewsNewsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=VCUNewsNewsletter&utm_content=news.vcu.edu%2Farticle%2FCommunity_members_VCU_reflect_on_tradition_of_communityuniversity, accessed May 14, 2017.

Jeppson, Patrice
2017    Archaeology Supports African American History as American History. Philadelphia Archaeological Forum. Electronic document, http://www.phillyarchaeology.net/philly-archaeology/artifactindex/february-2017-artifact-of-the-month/, accessed February 4, 2017.

Killgrove, Krisina
2017    This Gorgeous Himalayan Lake Reveals Human Bones When Ice Melts. Forbes.com May 31, 2017. Electronic document, https://www.forbes.com/sites/kristinakillgrove/2017/05/31/this-gorgeous-himalayan-lake-reveals-human-bones-when-ice-melts/#6be260f95b61, accessed June 1, 2017.

Libby, Kelley
2017    A Researcher Reconnects With Her Ancestors’ Slave Past At Madison’s Estate. NPR’s All Things Considered, broadcast March 28, 2017. Electronic document, http://www.npr.org/2017/03/28/521804754/a-woman-reconnects-with-her-ancestors-slave-past-at-james-madison-s-estate, accessed April 16, 2017.

Lozova, Lana
2017    Enhancing Archaeological Research with 3D Printing. Ultimaker.com, June 7, 2017. Electronic document, https://ultimaker.com/en/stories/49698-enhancing-archaeological-research-with-3d-printing, accessed June 7, 2017.

McNeill, Brian
2017a  National Constitution Center displays artifact replicas that were 3-D printed at VCU. VCU News January 30, 2017. Electronic document, https://news.vcu.edu/article/National_Constitution_Center_displays_artifact_replicas_that, accessed January 30, 2017.

2017b  At Civil War Museum’s Emancipation Day, VCU students use 3-D printing to give hands-on glimpse into the lives of slaves in Virginia. VCU News April 11, 2017. Electronic document, http://news.vcu.edu/article/At_Civil_War_Museums_Emancipation_Day_VCU_students_use_3D_printing,  accessed April 11, 2017.

2017c  VCU lab 3-D scans mastodon fossils, helping researchers around the world study the massive Ice Age animal. VCU News June 30, 2017. Electronic document, http://news.vcu.edu/article/VCU_lab_3D_scans_mastodon_fossils_helping_researchers_around, accessed July 1, 2017.

Miller-Coleman, Nicole
2017    Mastodon detectives are headed to Hemet in August. The San Diego Union-Tribune June 23, 2017. Electronic document, http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/sd-tm-0723mastodons-20170712-story.html, accessed July 24, 2017.

Milsaps, Bridget Butler
2017    3D Printing Eliminates the ‘Look, Don’t Touch’ Rule for Archaeologists, Students & Museum Visitors. 3DPrint.com. Electronic document, https://3dprint.com/179019/3d-printing-virtual-curation/, accessed June 29, 2017.

Myers, Erin
2017    Valley of the Mastodons. KTLA live segments, August 2, 2017. Electronic document, http://ktla.com/2017/08/02/valley-of-the-mastodons-exhibit-at-the-western-science-center/, accessed August 13, 2017.

Przybys, John
2017    Scientist makes 3-D images of artifacts from Las Vegas museum to share online. Las Vegas Review-Journal, January 15, 2017. Electronic version, http://www.reviewjournal.com/life/scientist-makes-3-d-images-artifacts-las-vegas-museum-share-online, accessed January 15, 2017.

Schiffres, Megan
2017    Bringing the Past into the Present Using the Technology of the Future. VCU College of Humanities and Sciences News. Electronic document, http://has.vcu.edu/bringing-the-past-into-the-present/, accessed July 1, 2017.

Sink, Andrew
2017    Code VA Tech in Craft Symposium. Video featuring interview of Adam Blakemore, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W2iD5pN96XU&feature=youtu.be, accessed April 22, 2017.

Tenia, Mark
2017    Mastodon fossils make a trip to VCU 3D printing lab. News Channel 8 Richmond broadcast July 18, 2017. Electronic document, http://wric.com/2017/07/18/mastodon-fossils-make-a-trip-to-vcu-3d-printing-lab/, accessed July 24, 2017.

Virginia Foundation for the Humanities
2017    Hands on History: NEH Grant Helps Encyclopedia Virginia dive into 3D printing. VFH News. Posted online March 8, 2017. Electronic document, http://virginiahumanities.org/2017/03/hands-on-history/?utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Hands%20On%20History&utm_content=Hands%20On%20History+CID_c9221199abd80bba28a7eeaed4fd2640&utm_source=Campaign%20Monitor&utm_term=More, accessed on March 8, 2017.

Publications in 2016

Means, Bernard K., Mariana Zechini, Ashley McCuistion, Terrie Simmons-Erhardt, Jeff Aronowitz, Elizabeth Moore, Laura Galke, Lauren Volkers, Vivian Hite, Liz Ale, Zoë Rahsman, and Allen Huber
2016 Virtual Mobility Archaeology Project with Further Applications of Three Dimensional Digital Scanning of Archaeological Objects. Prepared for the Department of Defense Legacy Resource Management Program, Legacy Project #13-334. Prepared by the Virtual Curation Laboratory, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Presentations in 2016

 3D Archaeology from Around the World. Workshop presentation and demonstration by Celeste Fuentes and Bernard K. Means for “Digging RVA” at the Virginia Museum of Science, October 22, 2016, Richmond, Virginia.

Making a Future for the Past. Presentation by Bernard K. Means for Project Archaeology’s National Archaeological Educators Conference, October 12, 2016, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Virtual Curation Laboratory: Educating the Future about the Past. Teacher Workshop by Jeff Aronowitz of The Valentine and Bernard K. Means for Henrico area K-12 English and Social Studies teachers at The Valentine, October 10, 2016, Richmond, Virginia.

3D Printing and Student Research. Presentation and demonstration by Bernard K. Means for the Virginia Commonwealth University Libraries and Innovative Media division, July 22, 2016, Richmond, Virginia.

Building a Virtual Museum and Physical Exhibit of Terracotta Figurines and Ethnographic Data from India. Presentation by Wasamah Shaikh, Virginia Commonwealth University Honors Summer Undergraduate Research Program, July 21, 2016, Richmond, Virginia.

African American Material Culture: 18th-19th Century Virginia. Presentation by Jessica Evans, Virginia Commonwealth University Honors Summer Undergraduate Research Program, July 21, 2016, Richmond, Virginia.

The 3D Printed Past and Day of Archaeology 2016. Public archaeology event for Archaeology in the Community, July 16, 2016, Washington, D.C.

 The Past Coming to You in 3D: Archaeological Applications of 3D Scanning and 3D Printing. Invited public presentation by Bernard K. Means at the New York State Museum, June 15, 2016, Albany, New York.

3D Scanning and 3D Printing for the Museum. Invited workshop demonstration by Bernard K. Means at the New York State Museum, June 14, 2016, Albany, New York.

Engaging with the Past for the Future of the Community. Invited presentation by Bernard K. Means in the Community Engagement Institute, sponsored by Virginia Commonwealth’s Division of Community Engagement and Center for Clinical and Translational Research, May 17, 2016, Richmond, Virginia.

3D Printing Gullah Slave Culture. Poster presented by Lillie Hinkle in the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program annual poster symposium, April 20, 2016, Richmond, Virginia.

 The 3D Printed Past in the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Demonstration by Bernard K. Means as part of Public Knowledge’s 3D/DC outreach event in the U.S. Representatives’ Rayburn Office Building, April 14, 2016, Washington, D.C.

 Panelist. Bernard K. Means was a discussant for the forum “For the Record: Archaeological Archives in the 21st Century,” moderated by Katie Kirakosian, Society for American Archaeology annual meeting, April 9, 2016, Orlando, Florida.

Teaching Archaeology through 3-D printing. Presentation by Bernard K. Means in the Teaching Archaeology Interest Group Teaching Slam, organized by Heidi Bauer-Clapp and Katie Kirakosian, Society for American Archaeology annual meeting, April 8, 2016, Orlando, Florida.

Visualizing a Wired World’s Past: Digital and Tactile Public Archaeology in the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Presentation by Bernard K. Means in the session “Strategic Approaches to Digital Public Archaeology,” organized by Lisa Catto, Society for American Archaeology annual meeting, April 7, 2016, Orlando, Florida.

3D Printing a Contested Past. Demonstration by Virtual Curation Laboratory interns and Virtual Archaeology Scanning Team members Lucia Aguilar, Erica Eddings, Laura Nixon, Heather Parker, Jennifer Pistole, and Jesse Wallace at “An Uncertain Journey: Civil War and Emancipation Day 2016, Historic Tredegar, April 2, 2016, Richmond, Virginia.

Artifact to Avatar: Entangling the Local with the Global by Creating Virtual ‘Material Culture. Presentation by Bernard K. Means in the conference “Modeling Culture: 3D Archaeology and the Future of the Past,” organized by Elaine Sullivan and J. Cameron Monroe at the University of California Santa Cruz, April 1, 2016, Santa Cruz, California.

 Making Heritage from the Local to the Global: Printing the Past in the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Presentation by Bernard K. Means as part of the Anthropology Speakers Series, Virginia Commonwealth University, March 30, 2016, Richmond, Virginia.

 The Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University: 3D Scanning and Printing the Past for the Future. Presentation by Bernard K. Means to the Dominion Engineers’ Society, March 23, 2016, Richmond, Virginia.

Revolutionizing the Visitor Experience Beyond the Museum through Cutting Edge Technologies: From Molding and Casting to 3D Printing and 3D Visualization. Presentation by Bernard K. Means in the workshop “Engagement vs. Entertainment: Going Beyond the “Wow” Factor of Technology in Educational Use“ organized by Jeff Aronowitz, Virginia Association of Museums, March 15, 2016, Williamsburg, Virginia.

 Get Real: The Process of Painting 3D Printed Artifacts for the Public. Demonstration by Lucia Aguilar (Virtual Curation Laboratory) in the workshop “Touching the Past: Teaching Archaeology through Hands-On Activities,” organized by Bernard K. Means at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 12, 2016, Ocean City, Maryland.

What’s the Point? Using 3D Scanning and Printing Technology to Teach Projectile Point Identification. Demonstration by Liz Ale (Virtual Curation Laboratory) in the workshop “Touching the Past: Teaching Archaeology through Hands-On Activities,” organized by Bernard K. Means at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 12, 2016, Ocean City, Maryland.

Virtual Archaeology: Affordable, Accessible, and Awesome! Demonstration by Jeff Aronowitz (VCU School of Education) in the workshop “Touching the Past: Teaching Archaeology through Hands-On Activities,” organized by Bernard K. Means at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 12, 2016, Ocean City, Maryland.

Washingtons of Hair, Washing Tons of Wig Hair. Demonstration by Laura Galke (George Washington Foundation) in the workshop “Touching the Past: Teaching Archaeology through Hands-On Activities,” organized by Bernard K. Means at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 12, 2016, Ocean City, Maryland.

 Jedi Master of 3D Printing: Creating Access Passes to the Past. Demonstration by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory) in the workshop “Touching the Past: Teaching Archaeology through Hands-On Activities,” organized by Bernard K. Means at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 12, 2016, Ocean City, Maryland.

Teaching Kits and Vending Machines: New Strategies for Connecting Collections to Your Audience. Demonstration by Elizabeth Moore (Virginia Museum of Natural History) in the workshop “Touching the Past: Teaching Archaeology through Hands-On Activities,” organized by Bernard K. Means at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 12, 2016, Ocean City, Maryland.

Teaching the Past for the Future: Perspectives and Directions for Archaeological Lesson Plans. Demonstration by Zoe Rahsman (Virtual Curation Laboratory) in the workshop “Touching the Past: Teaching Archaeology through Hands-On Activities,” organized by Bernard K. Means at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 12, 2016, Ocean City, Maryland.

 Printing the Past for the Future. Presented by Bernard K. Means in the session “Macro to Micro: How a Small Box Tells a Big Story,” organized by Jeff Aronowitz at the Virginia Forum, Jamestown Settlement, March 4, 2016, Jamestown, Virginia.

 3-D Scanning and 3-D Printing the Past from Across the World. Presentation by Bernard K. Means at the Berglund Seminar Series, Virginia Commonwealth University Honors College, February 17, 2016, Richmond, Virginia.

Archaeology and 3-D Printing. Presentation by Bernard K. Means at Oak Knoll Middle School, February 10, 2016, Mechanicsville, Virginia.

 Embracing The “F” Bomb: Funding Where Humanities and Sciences Meet. Presentation by Bernard K. Means in the workshop session “Embracing the “F” Bomb: The Who, What, and Why of Looking for Funding” as part of the Ready, Set, Grant Workshop at Virginia Commonwealth University, January 12, 2016, Richmond, Virginia.

Slavery, Race, and the Making of a University in the Capital of the Confederacy. Paper presented by Bernard K. Means in the session “Laboring in the Landscapes of Learning: The Archaeology of Slavery at Virginia’s Colleges and Universities,” organized by Kelley Deetz at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, January 9, 2016. Washington, D.C.

 Achieving Immortality by Sharing and Teaching the Past. Paper presented by Bernard K. Means in the session “Teaching the Huddle Masses, Yearning to Learn,” organized by Bernard K. Means at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, January 9, 2016. Washington, D.C.

 Media in 2016

 Ault, Tony
2016    Diamond Valley Mastodons Seen as ‘Strange’ by Paleontologist. Valley News, published on August 13, 2016. Electronic document, http://myvalleynews.com/entertainment/diamond-valley-mastodons-seen-strange-paleontologist/, accessed August 14, 2016.

Calos, Katherine
2016    VCU and Richmond museum use 3-D printing to help blind visitors ‘see’ history. Richmond Times-Dispatch, published on February 18, 2016. Electronic document, http://www.richmond.com/entertainment/arts-theater/article_56f970c8-c2be-52a3-b295-8c0accac5af4.html, accessed February 20, 2016.

Faleski, Stephen
2016    News of Ham Heard ‘Round the World. Slice of Smithfield Winter/Spring, pp. 13-14.

Galke, Laura J.
2016    Masonic Pipe in 3D. LIVES & LEGACIES: Stories from George Washington’s Ferry Farm and Historic Kenmore. Electronic document, http://livesandlegaciesblog.org/2016/01/20/masonic-pipe-in-3d/, accessed on January 22, 2016.

Hall, Nick
2016a  3D Printing Gives Museum Access to Everyone. 3D Printing Industry, posted May 12. Electronic document, http://3dprintingindustry.com/2016/05/12/3d-printing-gives-museum-access-everyone/, accessed May 16, 2016.

2016b  Virtual Curation Can Democratise Archaeology. 3D Printing Industry, posted May 27. Electronic document, http://3dprintingindustry.com/news/virtual-curation-can-democratise-archaeology-78737/, accessed June 1, 2016.

Killgrove, Kristina
2016    21st Century Archaeology is Something Out of Sci-Fi. Forbes.com, posted February 19. Electronic document, http://www.forbes.com/sites/kristinakillgrove/2016/02/19/21st-century-archaeology-is-something-out-of-sci-fi/#659940fce65b, accessed February 20, 2016.

Machacek, Rachel
2016    Feeling History. VCU Across the Spectrum, posted February 19. Electronic document, http://www.spectrum.vcu.edu/insight/feeling-history/, accessed February 20, 2016.

McNeill, Brian
2016a  3-D-printed artifacts — and George Washington’s signature — give the blind and visually impaired a chance to feel history at Richmond museum. VCU News, posted February 18. Electronic document, https://news.vcu.edu/article/3Dprinted_artifacts__and_George_Washingtons_signature__give_the, accessed February 20, 2016.

2016b  3-D-printed Civil War Artifact Replicas – Including CSS Virginia Armor Test Plate – to be Displayed Saturday. VCU News, posted March 31. Electronic document, http://news.vcu.edu/article/3Dprinted_Civil_War_artifact_replicas__including_CSS_Virginia, accessed April 1, 2016.

2016c  VCU professor is helping America’s oldest tambourine ‘sing again.’ VCU News, posted August 25. Electronic document, http://news.vcu.edu/article/VCU_professor_uses_3D_scanning_to_assist_Jamestown_project_to, accessed August 25, 2016.

Scott, Clare
2016    3D Printing Allows Visually Impaired to Experience Museums in a New Way. 3DPrint.com, posted February 19. Electronic document, http://3dprint.com/120464/visually-impaired-museums/, accessed February 20, 2016.

Schubel, Ted
2016    Preview of events at Belmont-Gari Melchers Home and Studio in Stafford with Meghan Pcsolyar and Michelle Crow-Dolby and Dr. Bernard. Town Talk WFVA Fredericksburg, broadcast March 16, 2016. Electronic document, http://www.newstalk1230.net/episode/town-talk-march-16-2/, accessed March 16, 2016.

Shultz, Craig
2016    Hemet Science Center Mastodon Goes High Tech. The Press Enterprise, published August 5, 2016. Electronic document, http://www.pe.com/articles/max-809933-center-western.html, accessed August 6, 2016.

Ulguim, Priscilla
2016    Models and Metadata: How Are 3d Models of Human Remains and Funerary Archaeology Shared on a Digital Platform? Electronic document, https://bonesburialsandblackcoffee.wordpress.com/2016/04/01/models-and-metadata-how-are-3d-models-of-human-remains-and-funerary-archaeology-shared-on-a-digital-platform/comment-page-1/#comment-1, accessed April 1, 2016.

Virginia Voice
2016    3D Printing at VCU’s Virtual Curation Laboratory. VirginiaVoice, posted March 23, 2016.Electronic document, http://www.virginiavoice.org/programs/2330/, accessed March 25, 2016.

Publications in 2015

Aronowitz, Jeff
2015    Recreating the Past with Archeological 3D Printing. Make. Electronic document, published October 24, 2015, http://makezine.com/2015/10/24/recreating-past-archeological-3d-printing/, accessed October 24, 2015.

Geraghty, Brenna
2015    Pre­Clovis and 3D: The Future of Site Identification in the Eastern United States. Unpublished undergraduate honors thesis in Anthropology, School of World Studies, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Manzano, Bruce L., Bernard K. Means, Christopher T. Begley, and Mariana Zechini
2015    Using Digital 3-D Scanning to Create “Artifictions” of the Passenger Pigeon and Harelip Sucker, Two Extinct Species in Eastern North America: The Future Examines the Past. Special Issue on Digital Zooarchaeology, edited by Iain McKechnie, Sarah Whitcher Kansa, and Steve Wolverton. Ethnobiology Letters 6 (2):15-24.

McCuistion, Ashley
2015    Beneath Washington’s Feet: A Study and Analysis of Prehistory at Ferry Farm. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 70 (1):11-30.

Means, Bernard K.
2015a  Promoting a More Interactive Public Archaeology: Archaeological Visualization and Reflexivity through Virtual Artifact Curation. Advances in Archaeological Practice 3(3):235-248.

2015b  I Explained 3D Scanning and 3D Printing to Weird Al at Jamestown, and Other Tales of the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Virginia Archaeologist 32 (1):12-13.

Means, Bernard K. and Elizabeth Moore
2015    Virginia Commonwealth University: Digital Zooarchaeology. ICAZ (International Council for Archaeozoology) Newsletter 16 (1):11-12.

Presentations in 2015

Virtual Curation Laboratory and the Virginia War Memorial. Demonstration at the 2nd annual Miniatures Show, Virginia War Memorial, November 21, 2015, Richmond, Virginia.

Slavery Project: A Historical Depiction Using Minecraft and 3D Printing. Presentation and demonstration by Shirley Gazsi (AntiquityNow), Bernard K. Means, and Peter Albert (The Hun School) at the National Council for Social Studies, November 13, 2015, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Visualizing Jamestown’s Artifacts through 3D Scanning and Printing. Presentation by Bernard K. Means and Jeff Aronowitz (Jamestown Rediscovery) at the Jamestown Conference, November 12, 2015, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Integrating Analysis of (Virtual) Material Culture into the Classroom. Presentation in the “Teaching in the Humanities: Integrating Analysis of Material Culture into the Classroom” workshop, Humanities Research Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, November 11. 2015, Richmond, Virginia.

Using Tech to Bring the Past to Life. A workshop and demonstration by Bernard K. Means and Jeff Aronowitz (Jamestown Rediscovery) at the Virginia Association of Museum’s workshop “Archaeology in Action” organized by Jeff Aronowitz, November 9, 2015, Jamestown, Virginia.

Displaying the 3D Printed Past: A Visualization and Exhibiting Archaeology Workshop. A workshop and demonstration by Lucia Aguilar, Zoe Rahsman, Liz Ale, and Bernard K. Means, Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 17, 2015, Manassas, Virginia.

Creating a Customized 3D Printed Osteology Study Collection. Presentation by Bernard K. Means, Terrie Simmons-Ehrhardt, and Tal Simmons at the Mid-Atlantic Bioanthropology Interest Group 2015, Virginia Commonwealth University, October 10, 2015, Richmond, Virginia.

It Makes a Village: Showcasing the 3D Printed Past. Demonstration with Jeff Aronowitz of Jamestown Rediscovery, RVA MakerFest, October 3, 2015, Richmond, Virginia.

3D Printing and Archaeology. Video lecture to Dr. Eric Langhorst’s 8th grade class at Discovery Middle School, September 28, 2015, Liberty, Missouri.

When Americans Dug Their Past: Doing Archaeology During the Great Depression. Presentation with discussion of 3D printed replicas at the Glenn A. Black Laboratory of Archaeology, Indiana University at Bloomington, September 18, 2015, Bloomington, Indiana.

Building a Virtual Bridge between VCU and HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar (Garhwal), India. Berglund Seminar Series, Virginia Commonwealth University Honors College, August 26, 2015, Richmond, Virginia.

Investing in the Future by Curating the Past: the Veterans Curation Program and the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Veterans Curation Program, Alexandria Office, August 24, 2015, Alexandria, Virginia.

Virtual Curation and North India’s Past. HNB Garhwal University, August 4, 2015, Srinigar (Garhwal), Uttarakhand, India.

Virtual Curation and the Printed Past. Public archaeology event for the Germanna Foundation, July 16, 2015, Locust Grove, Virginia.

Virtual Curation Laboratory and Day of Archaeology 2015. Public archaeology event for Archaeology in the Community, July 18, 2015, Washington, D.C.

A Virtual Curation Primer. Demonstration and workshop by Bernard K. Means at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service National Conservation Training Center, May 15, 2015, Shepherdstown, West Virginia.

Making the Past in the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Demonstration by Bernard K. Means as part of the Active Learning Makerspace during ALTFest, organized by the ALTLab, May 13, 2015, Richmond, Virginia.

The Printed Past. Demonstration by Bernard K. Means as part of 3D/DC, an advocacy and policy event organized by Public Knowledge, in the Reyburn House Office Building, April 29, 2015, Washington, D.C.

3-D Replication and Reclamation of the Elgin Marbles. Poster presented by Athena Beskenis in the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program annual poster symposium, April 22, 2015.

Beyond the Horizon: The Limitless Potential of 3D Technology in Archaeology. Poster presented by Rebecca Bowman in the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program annual poster symposium, April 22, 2015.

Conservation, 3D Printing, and an Old Super Nintendo. Poster presented by Lytesha Ellis in the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program annual poster symposium, April 22, 2015.

The Game of Archaeology. Poster presented by Lauren Hogg in the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program annual poster symposium, April 22, 2015.

Promoting the Practical and Educational Uses of 3D Technology in Archaeology. Poster presented by Rebecca Bowman as part of the second annual Virginia Commonwealth University School of World Studies Senior Symposium, April 20, 2015.

Conservation, 3D Printing, and an Old Super Nintendo. Poster presented by Lytesha Ellis, as part of the second annual Virginia Commonwealth University School of World Studies Senior Symposium, April 20, 2015.

Giant Ground Sloths: Fact or Fake? Poster presented by Hannah Lickey as part of the second annual Virginia Commonwealth University School of World Studies Senior Symposium, April 20, 2015.

Why I Put a Venus of Willendorf on a Bicycle and Other Adventures in 3D Scanning. Presented as part of the Digital Data Interest Group Lightning Round, at the Society for American Archaeology annual meeting, April 17, 2015, San Francisco, California.

Bring Out Your Dead: Pondering Passenger Pigeons (and Projectile Points) While Building Digital Type Collections at the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Poster presented by Bernard K. Means and Lauren Volkers in the session “Crowdsourcing, Co-creation, and Collaboration through Virtual Curation,” organized by Bernard K. Means, at the Society for American Archaeology annual meeting, April 16, 2015, San Francisco, California.

The Painful Past in 3D: the Virtual Curation Laboratory and Landscapes of Enslavement. Presentation by Bernard K. Means at the “Small Finds Work Group: Landscapes of Enslavement”, organized by Laura J. Galke, April 9, 2015, Fredericksburg, Virginia.

The Past in 3D. Demonstration by Bernard K. Means as part of the Community Tent at the “Sesquicentennial of Richmond’s Fall,” April 4, 2015.

Scanning and Printing the Past in the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Presentation and demonstration by Bernard K. Means to the staff at the Institute of Museum and Library Services, March 16, 2015, Washington, D.C.

Painting the Printed Past. Demonstration by Lucia Aguilar in the workshop “P*O*W/E*R: Public Outreach Workshop for Engaging Research,” Organized by Bernard K. Means, at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 14, 2015, Ocean City, Maryland.

Mending the Broken Past: Tactically and Virtually. Demonstration by Rebecca Bowman in the workshop “P*O*W/E*R: Public Outreach Workshop for Engaging Research,” Organized by Bernard K. Means, at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 14, 2015, Ocean City, Maryland.

Design Your Own Exhibit. Demonstration by Carson Collier in the workshop “P*O*W/E*R: Public Outreach Workshop for Engaging Research,” Organized by Bernard K. Means, at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 14, 2015, Ocean City, Maryland.

Exploring Virginia’s Earliest Inhabitants. Demonstration by Brenna Geraghty in the workshop “P*O*W/E*R: Public Outreach Workshop for Engaging Research,” Organized by Bernard K. Means, at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 14, 2015, Ocean City, Maryland.

Plastic for the People: Engaging Students and the Public with 3D Scanned and Printed Artifacts. Demonstration by Bernard K. Means in the workshop “P*O*W/E*R: Public Outreach Workshop for Engaging Research,” Organized by Bernard K. Means, at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 14, 2015, Ocean City, Maryland.

Preserving the Past and Teaching the Future: The Promises of 3D Scanning and 3D Printing. Presentation by Bernard K. Means in the session “Conservation in the Mid Atlantic,” organized by Howard Wellman, at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 13, 2015, Ocean City, Maryland.

Printing the Past: Fostering an Interdisciplinary Approach to Museum Education through 3D Scanning and Printing. Presentations and demonstrations by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory), Mark Summers (Historic Jamestowne-Jamestown Rediscovery), and Jeff Aronowitz (Historic Jamestowne-Jamestown Rediscovery) at the Virginia Association of Museums annual meeting, March 8, 2015, Richmond, Virginia.

3D Scanning, Printing, and Painting the Past: The Virtual Curation Laboratory and Archaeology in the Middle Atlantic. Presented in the symposium “Recent Discoveries: Archaeology in the Chesapeake Region” sponsored by the Friends of Fairfax Archaeology, February 7, 2015, at Gunston Hall, Lorton, Virginia.

Educational Applications of 3D Printing in the Virtual Curation Lab. MakerBot Monthly Webinar by Bernard K. Means, January 20, 2015.

If They Can Build It Will They Come? Using Artifictions and Ecofictions to Teach the Past. Paper presented by Bernard K. Means in the session “Can Lightning Strike Twice? Thrice? Sharing Tips and Tricks for Engaging the Public,” organized by Bernard K. Means, at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, January 10, 2015, Seattle, Washington.

Hit Them Where They Learn: Educational Policy and Archaeologists as Architects. Bernard K. Means discussed virtual curation as a form of teaching in panel led by Steve J. Dasovich, at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, January 10, 2015, Seattle, Washington.

Media in 2015

Ann
2015    Century – Old Ham and Peanut Butter Has Been Saved Successfully Through 3d Scanning Technology. WerCan Blog. Electronic document, http://blog.wercan.com/century-old-ham-and-peanut-butter-has-been-saved-successfully-through-3d-scanning-technology.html, assessed December 21, 2015.

Archaeology
2015    Historic Ham & Peanut Get High-Tech Treatment. Electronic document, published December 14, 2015, http://www.archaeology.org/news/4004-151214-virginia-ham-peanut, accessed December 14, 2015.

AZO Optics
2015    VCU Anthropology Professor Uses 3-D Scanner to Scan World’s Oldest Ham and Peanut. AZO Optics. Electronic document, published December 14, 2015, http://www.azooptics.com/News.aspx?newsID=21932, accessed on December 19, 2015.

Balingit, Moriah
2015    She went to college to study anthropology and found her slave ancestors nearby. Washington Post Metro section, September 26, 2015. Electronic document, published September 23, 2015, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/she-went-to-college-to-study-anthropology-and-found-her-slave-ancestors-nearby/2015/09/23/3e6a683e-5c9a-11e5-8e9e-dce8a2a2a679_story.html, accessed September 23, 2015.

Eaton, Lorraine
2015    Isle of Wight Museum relics go high-tech. The Virginia-Pilot. Electronic document, published December 20, 2015, http://www.pilotonline.com/news/local/science/isle-of-wight-museum-relics-go-high-tech/article_84782788-ba6f-5bce-b8c1-f5c0d10a5d23.html, accessed December 20, 2015.

ECN Magazine
2015    Professor 3-D Scans World’s Oldest Ham and Peanut. ECN Magazine. Electronic document, published December 14, 2015, http://www.ecnmag.com/news/2015/12/professor-3-d-scans-worlds-oldest-ham-amd-peanut, accessed December 14, 2015.

Fawcett, Kristin
2015    Archaeologist 3D Scans the ‘World’s Oldest Ham’ for Science. Mental_floss. Electronic document, published December 18, 2015, http://mentalfloss.com/article/72674/archaeologist-3d-scans-worlds-oldest-ham-science, accessed December 19, 2015.

Geraghty, Brenna
2015    Brenna Geraghty – Virginia Museum of Natural History. Electronic document, published July 25, 2015, http://www.dayofarchaeology.com/brenna-geraghty-virginia-museum-of-natural-history/, accessed July 25, 2015.

Hays, Brooks
2015    Scientist scan world’s oldest ham, peanut. Electronic document, published December 14, 2015, http://www.upi.com/Science_News/2015/12/14/Scientist-scan-worlds-oldest-ham-peanut/3531450121403/, accessed December 14, 2015.

History Blog, The
2015    Centenarian ham and peanut 3D scanned. The History Blog. Electronic document, published December 15, 2015, http://www.thehistoryblog.com/archives/39919, accessed December 19, 2015.

Killgrove, Kristina
2015a  How 3D Printed Bones Are Revolutionizing Forensics and Bioarchaeology. Forensic News. Electronic document, published May 28, 2015, http://www.forensic-news.com/how-3d-printed-bones-are-revolutionizing-forensics-and-bioarchaeology/, accessed May 29, 2015.

2015b  Archaeologist 3D Scans World’s Oldest Preserved Ham and Peanut. Forbes. Electronic document, published December 15, 2015, http://www.forbes.com/sites/kristinakillgrove/2015/12/15/archaeologist-3d-scans-worlds-oldest-preserved-ham-and-peanut/, accessed December 15, 2015.

Kira
2015    Virginia archeologist 3D scans century-old peanut and world’s oldest ham. 3ders. Electronic document published December 16, 2015, http://www.3ders.org/articles/20151215-virginia-archeologist-3d-scans-century-old-peanut-and-worlds-oldest-ham.html, accessed December 16, 2015.

Knight, Matt
2015    World’s oldest ham and peanut receive 3D scans at Isle of Wight County Museum. Electronic document published December 10, 2015, http://wtkr.com/2015/12/10/worlds-oldest-ham-and-peanut-receive-3d-scans-at-isle-of-wight-county-museum/, accessed December 15, 2015.

Lo, Karen
2015    World’s Oldest Ham Has ‘Powerful Scent I Cannot Describe,’ Archeologist Says. The Daily Meal, published on December 16, 2015. Electronic document, http://www.thedailymeal.com/eat/world-s-oldest-ham-has-powerful-scent-i-cannot-describe-archeologist-says/121615, accessed December 19, 2015.

Matisons, Michelle
2015    WWII Veteran’s Experience Commemorated with 3D Printed Figurine at Virginia War Memorial. Electronic document published May 19, 2015, http://3dprint.com/66083/ww-ii-veterans-3d-print/, accessed May 19, 2015.

McNeill, Brian
2015a  WWII veteran’s harrowing mid-air escape commemorated with help of 3-D printer. Electronic document published May 15, 2015, http://news.vcu.edu/article/WWII_veterans_harrowing_midair_escape_commemorated_with_help, accessed May 17, 2015.

2015b  Anthropology major uncovers her family ties to slavery at James Madison’s Montpelier. Electronic document published September 11, 2015, https://news.vcu.edu/article/Anthropology_major_uncovers_her_family_ties_to_slavery_at_James, accessed September 11, 2015.

2015c  At Virginia Museum of Natural History, students help design exhibit on Virginia exploration. Electronic document published October 1, 2015, https://news.vcu.edu/article/At_Virginia_Museum_of_Natural_History_students_help_design_exhibit, accessed October 1, 2015.

2015d VCU professor 3-D scans world’s oldest ham, peanut. Electronic document, published December 11, 2014, http://news.vcu.edu/article/VCU_professor_3D_scans_worlds_oldest_ham_peanut, accessed December 14, 2015.

2015e  Professor 3-D scans world’s oldest ham, peanut. Electronic document, published December 14, 2015, http://phys.org/news/2015-12-professor-d-scans-world-oldest.html, accessed December 14, 2015.

2015f   Researcher 3-D Scans World’s Oldest Ham, Peanut, http://www.laboratoryequipment.com/news/2015/12/researcher-3-d-scans-worlds-oldest-ham-peanut, accessed December 14, 2015.

Means, Bernard K.
2015a  Making a Future for the Past in the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Electronic document published July 25, 2015, http://www.dayofarchaeology.com/making-a-future-for-the-past/, accessed July 25, 2015.

Millsaps, Bridget Butler
2015    Visualizing & Exhibiting Anthropology: VCU Students 3D Scan, Print & Hand Paint Hundreds of Artifacts for Virginia Museum of Natural History Exhibit. Electronic document published October 16, 2015, http://3dprint.com/101074/3D-ARTIFACTS-MUSEUM-EXHIBIT/, accessed October 18, 2015.

Moore, Elizabeth
2015    Fabricating the Past. Electronic document published July 24, 2015, http://www.dayofarchaeology.com/fabricating-the-past/, accessed July 25, 2015.

Oliver, Ned
2015    VCU professor is the man who scans hams. Richmond Times-Dispatch. Electronic document published December 24, 2015, http://www.richmond.com/article_30b10fc3-02db-5357-bb13-46d66901b43a.html, accessed December 27, 2015.

Poppy, Carrie
2015    Adventurous Professor 3D-Scans The World’s Oldest Ham and Peanut. Tech Times. Electronic document published December 15, 2015, http://www.techtimes.com/articles/116480/20151215/adventurous-professor-3d-scans-world-oldest-ham-peanut.htm, accessed December 15, 2015.

Richter, Ashley
2015    The 3D Printed Past: A Rundown of the Most Fabulous On-Going Archaeological 3D Printing Projects. Popular Archaeology 17. Available online at: http://popular-archaeology.com/blog/adventures-in-digital-archaeology/the-3d-printed-past, accessed May 17, 2015.

Scott, Clare
2015    Archaeology Preserves All Kinds of History: Professor 3D Scans the World’s Oldest Ham and Peanut. 3D Print.com. Electronic document published December 16, 2015,http://3dprint.com/111222/worlds-oldest-ham-and-peanut/, accessed December 16, 2015.

Timmerman, Jeremy
2015    Mercer Technician Fashions Fossil Replicas with 3-D Printer.  The Telegraph. Electronic document published June 28, 2015, http://www.macon.com/2015/06/28/3819858_mercer-technician-fashions-fossil.html?rh=1, accessed June 29, 2015.

Virginia Currents
2015    Russell Scott; D-Day 50th; Military Aviation Museum. Virginia Currents, broadcast on November 12. Electronic document, http://video.ideastations.org/video/2365608937/, accessed November 19, 2015.

Webster, Chris and Chris Sims
2015    3D Scanning and Printing. Episode 19. ArchaeoTech Podcast, broadcast on December 14, 2015. Electronic document, http://www.archaeologypodcastnetwork.com/archaeotech/19, accessed December 21, 2015.

Williams, Ben R.
2015    Ice Age Creatures on Display. Martinsville Bulletin, published online December 17, 2015. Electronic document, http://www.martinsvillebulletin.com/news/ice-age-creatures-on-display/article_57f436ea-a53d-11e5-8c3d-3ba799e846b3.html, accessed December 19, 2015.

Williams, Michael Paul
2015    VCU student uncovers ancestral connection to Madison’s Montpelier. Richmond Times-Dispatch. Electronic document published September 10, 2015, http://www.richmond.com/news/local/michael-paul-williams/article_c837b08d-2511-5247-831a-0d6159dd9256.html, accessed September 10, 2015.

Publications in 2014

Bechtle, Hanna
2014    Drawing of 3D Printed Raccoon Skull. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 69 (1): cover.

Bowles, Courtney
2014    Moving Between Reality as Virtual and Reality as Actual. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 84 (1):4-8.

Ellrich, Aaron
2014a  Lithics and Lasers: 3D Scanning Prehistoric Projectile Points from James Madison’s Montpelier. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 69 (1):57-68.

2014b  Heritage and Display: Who Matters? What Matters? And Where Do Archaeologists and Museum Practitioners Stand? Unpublished undergraduate honors thesis in Anthropology, School of World Studies, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Huber, Allen
2014a  Broken Bones: Digital Curation and Mending of Human Remains. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 69 (1):37-45.

2014b  Handing the Past to the Present: The Impact of 3D Printing on Public Archaeology. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 84 (1):9-13.

Hulvey, Rachael
2014a  Manipulating Montpelier: Creating a Virtual Exhibit of Life at Montpelier for the Madisons and their Enslaved People. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 69 (1):69-74.

2014b  New Dimensions: 3D Scanning of Iroquoian Effigy Ceramics. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 84 (1):14-18.

McCuistion, Ashley
2014a  One Million Years of Technology: Lithic Analysis and 3D Scanning in the 21st Century. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 69 (1):47-56.

2014b  Beneath Washington’s Feet: A Study and Analysis of Prehistory at Ferry Farm. Unpublished undergraduate honors thesis in Anthropology, School of World Studies, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Means, Bernard K.
2014a  Two Years Before the Past: Activities in the Virtual Curation Laboratory @ VCU from August 2011 to December 2013. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 69 (1):3-16.

2014b  Virtual Curation and Virtual Collaboration. In Blogging Archaeology, edited by Doug Rocks-Macqueen and Chris Webster, pp. 121-144. Landward Research, Ltd. In Association with Succinct Research and DIGTECH LLC. Available online at: https://www.academia.edu/8143403/Virtual_Curation_and_Virtual_Collaboration._In_Blogging_Archaeology_edited_by_Doug_Rocks-Macqueen_and_Chris_Webster_pp._121-144._Landward_Research_Ltd._In_Association_with_Succinct_Research_and_DIGTECH_LLC

2014c Current Research in the Virtual Curation Laboratory @ Virginia Commonwealth University: Introduction to the Collected Papers. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 84 (1):1-3.

2014d  Who Benefits From Virtual Curation? Pennsylvania Archaeologist 84 (1):23-26.

2014e  A Huge Game of Chess Played All Over the World: Using Chess to Teach Historical Archaeology. The SHA Newsletter 47 (2):17-19. Available online at: http://www.sha.org/assets/documents/Summer2014.pdf

2014f   Plastic for the People: Printing the Past and Engaging the Public. Society for Historical Archaeology Blog. Posted July 8. 2014. Available online at: http://www.sha.org/blog/index.php/2014/07/plastic-for-the-people-printing-the-past-and-engaging-the-public/

Mullins, Paul
2014    More Real than Real: Re-Visualizing the Digital Artifact. Available online at: http://paulmullins.wordpress.com/2014/04/29/more-real-than-real-re-visualizing-the-digital-artifact/

Selden, Jr., Robert Z., Bernard K. Means, Jon C. Lohse, Charles Koenig, and Stephen L. Black
2014    Beyond Documentation: 3D Data in Archaeology. Texas Archaeology 58 (4):20-24. Available online at: http://www.txarch.org/Publications/newsletters/index.html

Volkers, Lauren
2014    The Miss Measure of Artifacts? Examining Digital Models of Artifact Replicas to Observe Variation on Size and Form. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 69 (1):17-28.

Zechini, Mariana
2014a  Zooarchaeology in the 21st Century. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 69 (1):29-36.

2014b  Rocky Raccoon: The Application of 3D Technology to Zooarchaeology. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 84 (1):19-22.

2014c  Digital Zooarchaeology: Faunal Analysis in the 21st Century. Unpublished undergraduate honors thesis in Anthropology, School of World Studies, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

2014d  Digital Zooarchaeology: Using 3D Technology on Archaeofaunal Collections. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 69(4):215-228.

Presentations or Demonstrations in 2014

Virtual/Material. A Virginia Commonwealth University Libraries/Academic Learning Transformation Laboratory/Office of Research Digital Pragmata presentation with panelists Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory), Courtney Freeman (Virginia Museum of Fine Arts), and Diane Harnish (Primal Pictures), December 3, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

3D Scanning and Printing of Military Miniatures and Artifacts. Demonstration by Bernard K. Means and Chelsea Miller at the Virginia War Memorial, November 22, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Role of Public Archaeology in Underwater Exploration. Poster presented by Ivana Adzic at the 20th Annual School of World Studies Student Research Conference, Virginia Commonwealth University, November 20, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

The Techniques and Attributes of Variation in Clovis Points. Poster presented by Athena Beskenis and Eleanor Mudd at the 20th Annual School of World Studies Student Research Conference, Virginia Commonwealth University, November 20, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

The Battle between Technologies: Physical vs. Virtual Artifact Mending. Poster presented by Rebecca Bowman at the 20th Annual School of World Studies Student Research Conference, Virginia Commonwealth University, November 20, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Shelling Out: Bringing Zooarchaeology into the Classroom with Aquatic Species from the Chesapeake Bay Area. Poster presented by Carson Collier at the 20th Annual School of World Studies Student Research Conference, Virginia Commonwealth University, November 20, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Pre-Clovis and 3D: The Future of Site Identification in Virginia. Poster presented by Brenna Geraghty at the 20th Annual School of World Studies Student Research Conference, Virginia Commonwealth University, November 20, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Touching the Past: Printing and Sharing Archaeological Replicas. Poster presented by Kaitlyn Lyford at the 20th Annual School of World Studies Student Research Conference, Virginia Commonwealth University, November 20, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Realizing the Research Potential of 3D Underwater Archaeology off Virginia’s coast at VDHR. Presentation by Ivana Adzic (Virtual Curation Laboratory at VCU) in the session “You Dug It Up, Now What? Conservation, Public Outreach, and Research of Archaeological Collections,” organized by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 11, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

From Physical to Virtual and Everything in Between! Presentation by Rebecca Bowman (Virtual Curation Laboratory at VCU) in the session “You Dug It Up, Now What? Conservation, Public Outreach, and Research of Archaeological Collections,” organized by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 11, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

A Pointed Inquiry- Understanding Tool-Making Behavior and Landscape Usage Through Experimental Archaeology. Presentation by John Bush (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) in the session “You Dug It Up, Now What? Conservation, Public Outreach, and Research of Archaeological Collections,” organized by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 11, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

The Future of the Past: Building a 3D Field Guide for Early Sites in Virginia. Brenna Geraghty (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) in the session “You Dug It Up, Now What? Conservation, Public Outreach, and Research of Archaeological Collections,” organized by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 11, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

Resurrecting Jamestown: Digitally Scanning America’s First English Colony. Presentation by Lauren Volkers (Virtual Curation Laboratory) in the session “You Dug It Up, Now What? Conservation, Public Outreach, and Research of Archaeological Collections,” organized by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 11, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

I Cannot Tell a Lie: The Educational Benefits of 3D Printed Artifacts for Public Archaeology at George Washington’s Ferry Farm. Presentation by Vivian Hite (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) in the session “You Dug It Up, Now What? Conservation, Public Outreach, and Research of Archaeological Collections,” organized by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 11, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

Jordan’s Journey: Going Public through 3-D Printing. Presentation by Lauren Hogg (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) in the session “You Dug It Up, Now What? Conservation, Public Outreach, and Research of Archaeological Collections,” organized by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 11, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

Shelling Out: Bringing Zooarchaeology into the Classroom with Aquatic Species from the Chesapeake Bay Area. Presentation by Carson Collier (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) in the session “You Dug It Up, Now What? Conservation, Public Outreach, and Research of Archaeological Collections,” organized by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 11, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

Poor Martha, Gone These 100 Years: Digital Zooarchaeology of Passenger Pigeons and other Extinct Animals. Presentation by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory), Elizabeth Moore (Virginia Museum of Natural History) and Mariana Zechini (University of West Florida) in the session “You Dug It Up, Now What? Conservation, Public Outreach, and Research of Archaeological Collections,” organized by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 11, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

3D Archaeology at Jamestown. Presentation to James Triesler’s advanced history class, Clover Hill High School, October 1, 2014, Midlothian, Virginia.

Cannibalism, Butchered Bones, and Death on the English Frontier: the Virtual Curation Laboratory and the Archaeology of Jamestown. Public archaeology lecture, Virginia Commonwealth University, September 26, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

Digital Scanned 3-D Reproduced Elements of Extinct Species; The Future Examines the Past. Poster presentation by Bruce L. Manzano (University of Kentucky), Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University), Mariana Zechini (University of West Florida), and Christopher Begley (Transylvania University) at International Council of Archaeozoologists meeting, September 23, 2014, San Rafael (Mendoza), Argentina.

3D Digital Models and 3D Printed Replicas from Around the World: Activities in the Virtual Curation Laboratory Presentation and demonstration for the Richmond Area Mensa Youth Group by Bernard K. Means and Carson Collier, Virginia, Commonwealth University, September 13, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

3D Printing and the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Workshop presentation as part of the Advance Learning Technologies (ALT) Lab open house, Virginia Commonwealth University, September 10, 2014.

Applications of Digital Visualization through 3D Laser Scanning and 3D Printing. A lecture and workshop by Bernard k. Means, sponsored by the Research Laboratories of Archaeology and the Kenan Science Library, August 7, 2014, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Teaching Virtual Archaeology. A workshop featuring printed replicas of scanned artifacts and scanning of artifacts by Bernard K. Means. George Washington’s Ferry Farm, July 28, 2014.

Virtual Archaeology and Day of Archaeology. Public archaeology event sponsored by Archaeology in the Community featuring an interactive display of printed replicas of scanned artifacts by Bernard K. Means, July 11, 2014, Washington, D.C.

Teaching Zooarchaeology.  Presentation and demonstration by Carson Collier to the James Blair Middle School, July 7, 2014, Norfolk, Virginia.

Virtual Archaeology. Public archaeology featuring an interactive display of printed replicas of scanned artifacts by Bernard K. Means. George Washington’s Ferry Farm, July 4, 2014, Fredericksburg, Virginia.

Virtual Curation, Virginia History, and Artifact Chess. Presentation and demonstration by Bernard K. Means and Lauren Hogg to Ms. Katie Bullington’s 4th grade class. Richmond Waldorf School, May 7, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Printing the Past to Engage the Public. Poster presented by Vivian Hite at the Virginia Commonwealth University School of World Studies 1st Annual Senior Research Symposium and Poster Exposition, April 25, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

From the Fields of Ferry Farm. Poster presented by Ashley McCuistion at the Virginia Commonwealth University School of World Studies 1st Annual Senior Research Symposium and Poster Exposition, April 25, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Beyond Extinction: Digital Zooarchaeology and the Passenger Pigeon. Paper presented by Mariana Zechini at the Virginia Commonwealth University School of World Studies 1st Annual Senior Research Symposium and Poster Exposition, April 25, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Digital Skeletons: Zooarchaeology in the 21st Century. Poster presented by Mariana Zechini at the Virginia Commonwealth University School of World Studies 1st Annual Senior Research Symposium and Poster Exposition, April 25, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Virtual Curation Laboratory. Paper presented by Bernard K. Means in the Digital Data Interest Group Lightning Round, organized by Ethan Watrall at the Society for American Archaeology annual meeting, Austin, Texas. April 25, 2014.

Promoting a More Interactive Public Archaeology: Archaeological Visualization and Reflexivity through Virtual Artifact Curation. Paper presented by Bernard K. Means in the session “Co-Creation, the Public, and the Archaeological Record” organized and chaired by Elizabeth Bollwerk and Robert Connolly at the Society for American Archaeology annual meeting, Austin, Texas. April 25, 2014.

Printing the Past to Engage the Public. Poster presented by Vivian Hite at the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Poster Symposium, April 23, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

From the Fields of Ferry Farm. Poster presented by Ashley McCuistion at the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Poster Symposium, April 23, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Making a Point. Poster presented by Sarah Perdue at the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Poster Symposium, April 23, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Virtually Scanning Jamestown 1607-1610. Poster presented by Lauren Volkers at the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Poster Symposium, April 23, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Digital Skeletons: Zooarchaeology in the 21st Century. Poster presented by Mariana Zechini at the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Poster Symposium, April 23, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

If You Virtually Build It, Will They Come? Creating a Virtual Museum for the Monongahela Tradition. Paper presented by Bernard K. Means at the Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology annual meeting, Greensburg, Pennsylvania, April 5, 2014.

Virtual Artifact Scanning and Printing. Demonstration by Bernard K. Means at the Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology annual meeting, April 4-5, 2014, Greensburg, Pennsylvania.

Without Walls: Building the Virtual Curation Museum. Invited paper by Bernard K. Means in the session ”Archaeology Does Not End at the Trowel’s Edge: Why Conservation and Collections Matter to Middle Atlantic Archaeologists” organized by Emily Williams at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Langhorne, Pennsylvania, March 15, 2014.

Promoting Research While Virtually Preserving the Past: Creating Undergraduate Research Opportunities through the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Invited discussion by Bernard K. Means in the forum “Boot Camp for Teaching Undergraduate Archaeology: Lessons from the Middle Atlantic,” organized by Carole Nash and Heather Wholey at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Langhorne, Pennsylvania, March 14, 2014.

S.M.A.A.R.T. Workshop: Studies in Middle Atlantic Archaeological Research and Technology. Organized by Bernard K. Means at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Langhorne, Pennsylvania, March 14, 2014.

New Deal Archaeology. Presentation and demonstration by Bernard K. Means to Emmett Hickham’s American history students. Clover Hill High School, February 19, 2014, Midlothioan, Virginia.

Media in 2014

AntiquityNow
2014    Saving the Past with 3D Printing: An Interview with Dr. Bernard Means, Director of the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Interview by Shirley Gazsi. Posted online November 18, 2014.  Available online at: http://antiquitynow.org/2014/11/18/saving-the-past-with-3d-printing-an-interview-with-dr-bernard-means-director-of-the-virtual-curation-laboratory/

Bell, Tracy
2014    Students Dig into Past at Ferry Farm. The Free Lance-Star, August 19. Available online at: http://www.freelancestar.com/2014-08-19/articles/43181/students-dig-into-past-at-ferry-farm/

Coates, Emma
2014    Making History: A 3-D Printer at VCU’s Virtual Curation Laboratory is Broadening Public Access to Fragile Archaeological Finds. Richmond Magazine June 2014, p. 26.

Connolly, Gregory
2014    Jamestown Unearthed: 3-D Printing Technology Brings Artifacts to Life. Williamsburg Yorktown Daily. Published December 26. Available online at: http://wydaily.com/?p=81080

McNeill, Brian
2014a  Lab uses 3-D Printing to Make Historical Artifact Chess Sets. Published April 1, 2014 online at: http://news.vcu.edu/article/Lab_uses_3D_printing_to_make_historical_artifact_chess_sets

2014b  Lab Creates 3-D Scans of Military Miniatures for Virginia War Memorial. Published October 28, 2014, online at: http://news.vcu.edu/article/Lab_creates_3D_scans_of_military_miniatures_for_Virginia_War

Ogle, John
2014    VCU Lab Prints 3D Chess Pieces of Historic Significance. Interview by John Ogle, WCVE NPR Radio, April 7, 2014: Archived online at: http://ideastations.org/radio/news/vcu-lab-prints-3d-chess-pieces-historic-significance

Peters, Eric
2014    Saving Football: How One Fan Might Help Solve the Concussion Crisis – from his Garage. VCU News. Available online at: http://news.vcu.edu/article/Saving_football

Robins, Kim
2014    Modern Technology Employed to Study What Remains of Fairfield. Glochester-Mathews Gazette-Journal September 17. Available online at: http://www.gazettejournal.net/index.php/news/news_printme/13704

Stamp, Melissa
2014    3-D Technology Brings Artifacts to VCU. The Commonwealth Times October 22. Available online at: http://www.commonwealthtimes.org/2014/10/22/3-d-technology-brings-artifacts-to-vcu/

Publications in 2013

McCuistion, Ashley
2013 Promoting the Past: The Educational Applications of 3D Scanning Technology in Archaeology. Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 29:35-42.

Means, Bernard K.
2013    Toward a Dynamic—and Virtual—Public Archaeology. Society for Historical Archaeology Blog. Posted June 11, 2013. Available online at: http://www.sha.org/blog/index.php/2013/06/toward-a-dynamic-and-virtual-public-archaeology/

Means, Bernard K., Courtney Bowles, Ashley McCuistion, and Clinton King
2013 Virtual Artifact Curation: Three-Dimensional Digital Data Collection for Artifact Analysis and Interpretation. Prepared for the Department of Defense Legacy Resource Management Program, Legacy Project #11-334. Prepared by the Virtual Curation Laboratory, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Means, Bernard K., Ashley McCuistion, and Courtney Bowles
2013 Virtual Artifact Curation of the Historic Past and the NextEngine Desktop 3D Scanner. Technical Briefs in Historical Archaeology 7:1-12. Peer reviewed article available online at: http://www.sha.org/documents/VirtualArtifacts.pdf.

McCuistion, Ashley, Courtney Bowles, Bernard K. Means, and Clinton King
2013 Protocols for Three-Dimensional Digital Data Collection from Artifacts Using the NextEngine Desktop 3D Scanner. Prepared for the Department of Defense, Legacy Resource Management Program, Legacy Project #11-334. Prepared by the Virtual Curation Laboratory, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Presentations or Demonstrations in 2013

Copying the Past: Variation in Size and Form in Digital Models and Artifact Replicas. Paper presented by Lauren Volkers  in the session 3D Virtual Archaeology, chaired by Bernard K. Means at the 19th Annual Student Research Conference, Sponsored by the VCU School of World Studies and the VCU Global Education Office, Richmond, Virginia, November 15, 2013.

Remains to be Seen: Digital Curation of Human Bones. Paper presented by Allen Huber in the session 3D Virtual Archaeology, chaired by Bernard K. Means at the 19th Annual Student Research Conference, Sponsored by the VCU School of World Studies and the VCU Global Education Office, Richmond, Virginia, November 15, 2013.

Beneath the Big House: Interpreting Archaeology across James Madison’s Montpelier. Paper presented by Rachael Hulvey in the session 3D Virtual Archaeology, chaired by Bernard K. Means at the 19th Annual Student Research Conference, Sponsored by the VCU School of World Studies and the VCU Global Education Office, Richmond, Virginia, November 15, 2013.

Digitizing of Montpelier’s Past: 3D Scanning in Archaeological Research. Paper presented by Aaron Ellrich in the session 3D Virtual Archaeology, chaired by Bernard K. Means at the 19th Annual Student Research Conference, Sponsored by the VCU School of World Studies and the VCU Global Education Office, Richmond, Virginia, November 15, 2013.

Rock of Ages: Analyzing Lithics in the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Paper presented by Ashley McCuistion in the session 3D Virtual Archaeology, chaired by Bernard K. Means at the 19th Annual Student Research Conference, Sponsored by the VCU School of World Studies and the VCU Global Education Office, Richmond, Virginia, November 15, 2013.

Two Years Before the Past: Activities in the Virtual Curation Laboratory @ VCU. Paper presented by Bernard K. Means in the session Two Years Before the Past: Activities in the Virtual Curation Laboratory @ VCU, chaired by Bernard K. Means, at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, Virginia Beach, Virginia, October 25, 2013.

Zooarchaeology in the 21st Century. Paper presented by Mariana Zechini in the session Two Years Before the Past: Activities in the Virtual Curation Laboratory @ VCU, chaired by Bernard K. Means, at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, Virginia Beach, Virginia, October 25, 2013.

Broken Bones: Digital Curation and Mending of Human Remains. Paper presented by Allen Huber in the session Two Years Before the Past: Activities in the Virtual Curation Laboratory @ VCU, chaired by Bernard K. Means, at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, Virginia Beach, Virginia, October 25, 2013.

The Missmeasure of Artifacts? Examining Digital Models of Artifact Replicas to Observe Variation in Size and Form. Paper presented by Lauren Volkers in the session Two Years Before the Past: Activities in the Virtual Curation Laboratory @ VCU, chaired by Bernard K. Means, at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, Virginia Beach, Virginia, October 25, 2013.

One Million Years of Technology: Lithic Analysis and 3D Scanning in the 21st Century.  Paper presented by Ashley McCuistion in the session Two Years Before the Past: Activities in the Virtual Curation Laboratory @ VCU, chaired by Bernard K. Means, at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, Virginia Beach, Virginia, October 25, 2013.

Lithics and Lasers: 3D Scanning Prehistoric Projectile Points from James Madison’s Montpelier. Paper presented by Aaron Ellrich in the session Two Years Before the Past: Activities in the Virtual Curation Laboratory @ VCU, chaired by Bernard K. Means, at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, Virginia Beach, Virginia, October 25, 2013. Note: winner of the best undergraduate student paper award.

Manipulating Montpelier: Creating a Virtual Exhibit of Life at Montpelier for the Madisons and Their Enslaved People. Paper presented by Rachael Hulvey in the session Two Years Before the Past: Activities in the Virtual Curation Laboratory @ VCU, chaired by Bernard K. Means, at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, Virginia Beach, Virginia, October 25, 2013.

New Deal Archaeology and Virtual Curation. Presented by Bernard K. Means in the student public event “Blast with the Past: A Celebration of Archaeology” organized by Ashely McCuistion and Lauren Volkers, Commons Plaza, Virginia Commonwealth University, October 23, 2013, Richmond, Virginia.

Digital Archaeology in the Virtual Curation Laboratory 3D Scanning and Research at VCU. Exhibit by Virtual Curation Laboratory staff and interns at the James Branch Cabell Library, Virginia Commonwealth University, October 22 to December 2, 2013, Richmond, Virginia.

Fire Up the Lasers! Creating 3D Digital Avatars of Archaeological Objects. Presentation and demonstration by Bernard K. Means at the Alexandria Archaeology Museum as part of International Archaeology Day, October 19, 2013, Alexandria, Virginia.

Adventures into the (Virtual) Unknown: 3D Laser Scanning and America’s Past. Invited presentation as part of Research Associate lecture series at the Virginia Museum of Natural History, October 10, 2013, Martinsville, Virginia.

Demonstrating Virtual Archaeology through Digital Models and Printed Replicas. Presentation and demonstration by Bernard K. Means with Virginia Commonwealth University students Allen Huber (human skeletal biology), Rachael Hulvey (historical archaeology at Montpelier), Ashley McCuistion (chipped stone tools), Lauren Volkers (measuring the past), and Mariana Zechini (zooarchaeology) to two sections of Historical Research and Technology, taught by James Triesler. Clover Hill High School, October 7, 2013, Midlothioan, Virginia.

C.S.I.: Fredericksburg. Presentation by Bernard K. Means as part of Digital Pragmata’s Lightning Talks, James Branch Cabell Library, Virginia Commonwealth University, September 24, 2013, Richmond, Virginia.

Past/Future: How VCU’s Virtual Curation Laboratory Uses 3D Technology to Preserve Humanity’s Legacy. Presentation by Bernard K. Means as part of the Berglund Seminar Series, Honors College, Virginia Commonwealth University, September 18, 2013, Richmond, Virginia.

The Virtual Curation Laboratory and Archaeology in the Community’s Day of Archaeology. Demonstration of 3D technology by Bernard K. Means, Ashley McCuistion and Mariana Zechini, July 28, 2013, Turkey Thicket Park, Washington, D.C.

The Future Meets the Past: Using Modern Technologies to Uncover the Prehistoric Monongahela Culture. Presentation and demonstration by Bernard K. Means at the Somerset Historical Center, June 25, 2013, Somerset, Pennsylvania.

It’s a Small Finds World After All: Research in the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Senior author Bernard K. Means with Courtney Bowles, Crystal Castleberry, Allen Huber, Rachael Hulvey, Stephanie King, Ashley McCuistion, Natalie Petrizza, Jamie Pham, and Mariana Zechini. Poster presented at the 5th Annual Undergraduate Poster Symposium at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, April 24, 2013.

Yes, Really, Actually, it is Virtual!!!!!  Poster presented by Courtney Bowles at the 5th Annual Undergraduate Poster Symposium at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, April 24, 2013.

I’m Heating Up My Extruder! 3D Printing of Archaeological Materials at VCU. Poster presented by Allen Huber at the 5th Annual Undergraduate Poster Symposium at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, April 24, 2013.

Incomplete Reflections: Addressing Potential Bias in Digital Curation. Poster presented by Rachael Hulvey at the 5th Annual Undergraduate Poster Symposium at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, April 24, 2013.

Initial Analysis and Considerations for Burial Processing Indicators on Middle Atlantic American Indian Remains. Poster presented by Stephanie King at the 5th Annual Undergraduate Poster Symposium at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, April 24, 2013.

From Paper Museums to Laser Movies: Archaeological Visualization, 3D Technology and Education. Poster presented by Ashley McCuistion at the 5th Annual Undergraduate Poster Symposium at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, April 24, 2013.

Environmental Archaeology and 3D Scanning. Poster presented by Natalie Petrizza at the 5th Annual Undergraduate Poster Symposium at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, April 24, 2013.

Virtual Archaeology and African Americans: Research, Education, and Outreach. Poster presented by Jamie Pham and Crystal Castleberry at the 5th Annual Undergraduate Poster Symposium at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, April 24, 2013.

Baculum to the Future. Poster presented by Mariana Zechini at the 5th Annual Undergraduate Poster Symposium at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, April 24, 2013.

From the Actual to the Virtual to the Tangible: Virtual Curation and Small Finds. Senior author Bernard K. Means with Courtney Bowles, Crystal Castleberry, Allen Huber, Rachael Hulvey, Stephanie King, Ashley McCuistion, Natalie Petrizza, Jamie Pham, and Mariana Zechini. Poster and demonstration in the workshop “A Celebration of Small Finds,” chaired by Laura J. Galke and Mara Katkins, at the 2013 Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Virginia Beach, Virginia, March 9, 2013.

Moving between Reality as Virtual and Reality as Actual. Presentation and demonstration by Courtney Bowles in the workshop “A Celebration of Small Finds,” chaired by Laura J. Galke and Mara Katkins, at the 2013 Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Virginia Beach, Virginia, March 9, 2013.

Rocky Raccoon: The Application of 3D Technology to Zooarchaeology. Presentation and demonstration by Mariana Zechini in the workshop “A Celebration of Small Finds,” chaired by Laura J. Galke and Mara Katkins, at the 2013 Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Virginia Beach, Virginia, March 9, 2013.

Exploring New Paths: Research, Education, and Outreach Through 3D Archaeology. Presentation and demonstration by Jamie Pham and Crystal Castleberry in the workshop “A Celebration of Small Finds,” chaired by Laura J. Galke and Mara Katkins, at the 2013 Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Virginia Beach, Virginia, March 9, 2013.

Handing the Past to the Present: The Impact of 3D Printing on Public Archaeology. Presentation by Allen Huber in the session Archaeological Science: New Endeavors in the Old Fashioned New Archaeology, chaired by Thomas R. Whyte, at the 2013 Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Virginia Beach, Virginia, March 9, 2013.

New Dimensions: 3D Scanning of Iroquoian Effigy Sherds .Presentation by Rachael Hulvey in the session Archaeological Science: New Endeavors in the Old Fashioned New Archaeology, chaired by Thomas R. Whyte, at the 2013 Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Virginia Beach, Virginia, March 9, 2013.

Promoting the Past: The Educational Applications of 3D Scanning Technology in Archaeology . Presentation by Ashley McCuistion in the session Archaeological Science: New Endeavors in the Old Fashioned New Archaeology, chaired by Thomas R. Whyte, at the 2013 Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Virginia Beach, Virginia, March 9, 2013. Note: winner of the best undergraduate student paper award.

Exploring New Paths: Virtual Curation and African American Archaeology. Presentation by Crystal Castleberry in the session Approaches to the Archaeology of African Americans, chaired by Becca Peixotto, at the 2013 Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Virginia Beach, Virginia, March 8, 2013.

3D Archaeology and Virtual Curation.  Presentation and demonstration by Bernard K. Means with Virginia Commonwealth University students Crystal Castleberry (African American archaeology), Ashley McCuistion (Ferry Farm through the Ages), and Mariana Zechini (Animals in Archaeology and Zooarchaeology) to the Honors US History and Historical Research and Technology, taught by Emmett Hickam and James Triesler, respectively. Clover Hill High School, February 15, 2013, Midlothioan, Virginia.

Virtual Archaeology and Smoking Pipes. Demonstration by Bernard K. Means, Ashley McCuistion and Mariana Zechni for the Small Finds Work Group at the Virginia Department of Historic Resources, Richmond, Virginia, January 23, 2013.

From the Tangible to the Intangible: Virtual Curation of America’s Historic Past. Invited paper presented by Bernard K. Means in the session Transforming Narratives and Globalizing Access: Curation, Conservation and Social Engagement, chaired by Emily Williams and Suzanne Findlen Hood, at the 2013 Annual Meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Leicester, United Kingdom.  January 10, 2013.

Media in 2013

Rifareal, Rebekah
2013 Personal Profile: Amanda Ndemo Archeological Accessibility through 3-D Laser Scanning. Auctus: The Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creativity October 2013. Available online at: http://www.auctus.vcu.edu/PDF/NN_AN.pdf.

Schuldenrein, Joseph
2013  Archaeology in the Digital Age: Virtual Curation and 3D Archaeology. Interview by Dr. Joseph Schuldenrein, host of Indiana Jones: Myth, Reality, and 21st Century Archaeology, VoiceAmerica, August 21, 2013. Archived online at: http://www.voiceamerica.com/episode/72446/archaeology-in-the-digital-age-virtual-curation-and-3d-archaeology

Presentations or Demonstrations in 2012

Out of the Archives and into the Future: The Research Potential of Archaeological Collections Related to the Monongahela Tradition. Presentation by Bernard K. Means to the Department of Anthropology at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, November 8, 2012, Indiana, Pennsylvania.

Stones, Bones, Bugs, and Lasers: 3D Laser Scanning at the Virtual Curation Laboratory and Beyond. Presentation by Bernard K. Means at Virginia Commonwealth University in the Anthropology Speakers Series, October 17, 2012, Richmond, Virginia.

From the Actual to the Virtual: Creating 3D Digital Models of Archaeological Objects. Presentation by Bernard K. Means to Honors College students in the Freshman Research Institute at Virginia Commonwealth University, August 17, 2012, Richmond, Virginia.

3D Scanning of Archaeological Remains: A Tool for Preservation and Collaboration. Invited presentation by Bernard K. Means to the Council of West Virginia/West Virginia Archaeological Society Technology in Archaeology workshop, Beckley, West Virginia, June 2, 2012.

Virtual Archaeology and George Washington’s Ferry Farm.  Demonstration by Bernard K. Means at George Washington’s Ferry Farm, April 28, 2012, Fredericksburg, Virginia.

3D Technology and Archaeological Theory. Poster presented by Courtney Bowles at the 4th Annual Undergraduate Poster Symposium at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, April 25, 2012.

It’s the Small Things. Poster presented by Kristen Currey at the 4th Annual Undergraduate Poster Symposium at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, April 25, 2012.

Ferry Farm in Three Dimensions: How 3D scanning enhances our understanding of historic artifacts. Poster presented by Allen Huber at the 4th Annual Undergraduate Poster Symposium at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, April 25, 2012.

Facing the Past: The Benefits of 3D Scanning for Analyzing Iroquoian Effigy Face Rim Sherds.  Poster presented by Rachael Hulvey at the 4th Annual Undergraduate Poster Symposium at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, April 25, 2012.

3D @ VCU: Digital Scanning of Artifacts by the Virtual Curation Unit for Recording Archaeological Materials Systematically.  Presentation by Bernard K. Means, Clinton King, Courtney Bowles, Victoria Valentine, Kristen Currey, Daniel Sullivan, Allen Huber, Rachael Hulvey, and Beth Reid. Poster presented at the 4th Annual Undergraduate Poster Symposium at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, April 25, 2012.

Interpretative Considerations and the Virtual Curation Unit. Poster presented by Beth Reid at the 4th Annual Undergraduate Poster Symposium at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, April 25, 2012.

The Virtual Curation Unit @ VCU: for Recording Archaeological Materials Systematically. Poster presented by Victoria Valentine at the 4th Annual Undergraduate Poster Symposium at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, April 25, 2012.

Virtual Archaeology: The Creation, Dissemination, and Use of Virtualized Artifacts, Sites, Assemblages, and Archives.  Presentation by Bernard K. Means, Clinton King and John Haynes.  In the session Virtual Archaeology: The Creation, Dissemination, And Use of Virtualized Artifacts, Sites, Assemblages, and Archives, organized and chaired by Matthew Betts.  Society for American Archaeology annual meeting, Memphis, Tennessee, April 20, 2012.

Virtual Reality and Archaeology: Creating 3D Digital Avatars of Archaeological Discoveries. Presentation by Bernard K. Means at Virginia Commonwealth University in the Anthropology Speakers Series, April 3, 2012, Richmond, Virginia.

Virtual Archaeology and the Realities of War: 3D Digital Models of Civil War Artifacts.  Presentation by Bernard K. Means in the Friends of Fairfax County Archaeology symposium Civil War Archaeology, March 31, 2012, Falls Church, Virginia.

3D Technology and Archaeological Theory. Paper presented by Courtney Bowles. In the session Virtual Worlds for Archaeology: Collections, Conservation, and Interpretation, organized and chaired by Bernard K. Means.  Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Virginia Beach, Virginia, March 24, 2012.

3D Virtual Artifact Curation @ VCU: The Virtual Curation Unit for Recording Archaeological Materials Systematically (V.C.U.-R.A.M.S.) Project.  Presentation by Bernard K. Means, Clinton King, Courtney Bowles, Victoria Valentine, and John Haynes. In the session Virtual Worlds for Archaeology: Collections, Conservation, and Interpretation, organized and chaired by Bernard K. Means.  Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Virginia Beach, Virginia, March 24, 2012.

3D @ VCU: Digital Scanning of Organic Artifacts by the Virtual Curation Unit for Recording Archaeological Materials Systematically. Demonstration by Bernard K. Means, Clinton King, Courtney Bowles, Victoria Valentine, Kristen Currey, Daniel Sullivan, Allen Huber, and Rachael Hulvey.  Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Virginia Beach, Virginia, March 23, 2012.

Digitizing the Past in Three Dimensions: Virtual Curation and Archaeology.  Presentation by Bernard K. Means to the Westmoreland Archaeological Society, March 15, 2012, Unity Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania.

Digitizing the Past in Three Dimensions: Virtual Curation and Archaeology.  Presentation and demonstration by Bernard K. Means to the Veterans Curation Project, February 29, 2012, Alexandria, Virginia.

3D Digital Scanning of Historic Artifacts. Demonstration by Clinton King and Bernard K. Means.  Invited demonstration by the Technology Committee at the Society for Historical Archaeology annual meeting, Baltimore, Maryland, January 6, 2012.

Digitizing the Past in Three Dimensions: Virtual Curation of Historical Artifacts. Bernard K. Means, Clinton King (both Virginia Commonwealth University) and John Haynes (Army Corps of Engineers).  Invited presentation in the session Technology and the Modern Archaeologist: Technological Applications for Marine and Terrestrial Archaeology, chaired by Jonathan Libbon and Richard Lundin, at the Society for Historical Archaeology annual meeting, Baltimore, Maryland, January 5, 2012.

Publications in 2011

 Means, Bernard K. Clinton M. King, Courtney Bowles, and Victoria Valentine
2011 3D Digital Scanning Archaeological Project at Virginia Commonwealth University. Virginia Archaeologist 28 (2):10-11.

Presentations or Demonstrations in 2011

What Do (Digital) Objects Mean?  Bernard K. Means, Clinton King, Courtney Bowles, Victoria Valentine, (preceeding all from Virginia Commonwealth University) and John Haynes (Marine Corps Base Quantico). Paper presented in the session Moving Through the Written and the Visual, chaired by Bernard K. Means, at the Contemporary and Historical Archaeology in Theory (CHAT) conference at Boston University in Boston, Massachusetts, November 12, 2011.

VA Squared: Virtual Archives and Virginia Archaeology. Bernard K. Means, Clinton King, Courtney Bowles, Victoria Valentine, Cameron Boothe (preceding all from Virginia Commonwealth University) and John Haynes (Marine Corps Base Quantico).  Paper presented at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, Staunton, Virginia. October 14, 2011.

Media in 2011

Schemmer, Clint
2011    Scanning Pieces of the Past, By George. The Free Lance-Star, September 27. Electronic document, http://www.fredericksburg.com/life/scanning-pieces-of-past-by-george/article_9f75c5d7-1868-5c34-b6f7-e66ad265932d.html, accessed July 20, 2016.

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