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VCU Archaeology

VCL 2015 Year in Review

by Bernard K. Means

Usually, I try to do a year in review for one year close to the beginning of a new year, but here we already are in the middle of January.  My university, Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), did its own year in review, as you can read here, and as is depicted below.

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If you look at this grid, in the second row, last column, you will see a peanut from 1890 and in the last row, second column, you will see VCU student Michelle Taylor digging at Montpelier.  Both of these images are related directly and indirectly to the Virtual Curation Laboratory (VCL), and were the #5 and #6 research stories on the VCU News site last year. The peanut depicted here was one of several scanning trips taken during the year away from the VCL in a story that went viral, in large part thanks to stories written by VCU’s Brian McNeill and the University of West Florida’s Kristina Killgrove–both of which are cited below.  Michelle Taylor’s story was presented in both the Richmond Times-Dispatch and the Washington Post–while doing archaeology at Montpelier, Michelle (a past VCL intern) discovered she was a member of the descendant community at Montpelier.

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James Madison’s Montpelier was only one place the VCL went to 3D scan last year.  Jamestown (8 visits) and the Virginia Museum of Natural History (VMNH) (5 visits) were the most common places where we traveled to 3D scan.  One of the Jamestown visits was in conjunction with a workshop for the Virginia Association of Museums (VAM), and two of the VMNH visits were related to different exhibit openings that featured objects or fossil replicas created in the VCL. The Virginia War Memorial saw three visits, with two related to 3D scanning, and one related to an exhibit opening featuring a large model plane replica with a small 3D-printed representation of seated World War II veteran Russell Scott. George Washington’s Ferry Farm, James Madison’s Montpelier, and the National Park Service’s Museum Resource Center (MRCE) each received two visits.  The MRCE was tied to a colonoware research project associated with Ferry Farm’s Laura Galke, which also is the reason for a single visit to 3D scan colonoware at Manassas National Battlefield Park.

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Single visits were also made to the Fairfield Foundations excavations at the Fairfield Plantation in Gloucester, Virginia, the Virginia Department of Historic Resources in Richmond, Virginia, the Carnegie Museum of Natural History in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and DC Archaeology in Washington, D.C..  Some single visits involved demonstrations as well as scanning, including the Veterans Curation Project offices in Alexandria,Virginia,and the US Fish and Wildlife Services training facility in Shepherdstown, West Virginia. A single extended visit to HNB Garhwal University in Srinagar (Garhwal), India, was a highpoint of the year, and we were happy that this university’s Dr. Vinod Nautiyal was able to visit the VCL. And, of course, the biggest story for us was the 3D scanning of a ham and a peanut at the Isle of Wight County Museum, Springfield, Virginia.

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Outreach in one form or another is important to the mission of the VCL.  The VCL participated in three Maker related events, two in Richmond, and one in Washington, D.C.  The Urban Archaeology Corps and the Junior Lego League of Richmond visited the VCL, and VCL members visited the Waldorf School’s 4th-grade class in Richmond, Virginia.  The VCL also participated in the 150th anniversary celebration of the Emancipation Proclamation, the Day of Archaeology event in Washington, D.C., hosted our own International Archaeology Day event at VCU, did public archaeology with Germanna Archaeology, traveled to Bloomington, Indiana, to talk about New Deal archaeology (including 3D printed replicas), and joined Public Knowledge in their 3D/DC event.

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And, there were conferences and conferences……. The year began with presentations and demonstrations about 3D printed historic artifacts at the Society for Historical Archaeology annual meeting in Seattle, Washington in January. In February, I presented at the Gunston Hall annual archaeology meeting on 3D artifacts.  March saw me at the Virginia Association of Museum’s annual meeting in Richmond and later at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference in Ocean City, Maryland, where I was joined by VCU students Lucia Aguilar, Rebecca Bowman, Carson Collier, and Brenna Geraghty. April saw four presentations related to the VCL, beginning with how 3D printing helps elucidate African American archaeology as part of the Small Finds Workgroup meeting in Fredericksburg, Virginia, followed by a session at the Society for American Archaeology in San Francisco, California, that I organized around the them of crowdsourcing virtual curation. The end of April saw VCU students who interned in the VCL presenting at two on-campus venues, the School of World Studies Senior Symposium and the VCU Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program Research Poster Session. Following a summer break, their were presentations in October at the Middle Atlantic Bioanthropological Interest Group meeting in Richmond, Virginia, and the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, in Manassas, Virginia, where I was joined in the latter by VCU students Lucia Aguilar and Zoe Rahsman.  The year ended in terms of conferences with a presentation with Shirley Gaszi of AntiquityNow on a joint effort called the Slavery Project.

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AntiquityNow Shirley Gazsi at the National Council for Social Studies meeting in New Orleans, Louisiana

2016 is already shaping up to be as busy or an even busier year than 2015, including more meetings and even a return trip to India.

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Publications in 2015

Aronowitz, Jeff
2015    Recreating the Past with Archeological 3D Printing. Make. Electronic document, published October 24, 2015, http://makezine.com/2015/10/24/recreating-past-archeological-3d-printing/, accessed October 24, 2015.

Geraghty, Brenna
2015    Pre­Clovis and 3D: The Future of Site Identification in the Eastern United States. Unpublished undergraduate honors thesis in Anthropology, School of World Studies, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Manzano, Bruce L., Bernard K. Means, Christopher T. Begley, and Mariana Zechini
2015    Using Digital 3-D Scanning to Create “Artifictions” of the Passenger Pigeon and Harelip Sucker, Two Extinct Species in Eastern North America: The Future Examines the Past. Special Issue on Digital Zooarchaeology, edited by Iain McKechnie, Sarah Whitcher Kansa, and Steve Wolverton. Ethnobiology Letters 6 (2):15-24.

McCuistion, Ashley
2015    Beneath Washington’s Feet: A Study and Analysis of Prehistory at Ferry Farm. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 70 (1):11-30.

Means, Bernard K.
2015a  A Promoting a More Interactive Public Archaeology: Archaeological Visualization and Reflexivity through Virtual Artifact Curation. Advances in Archaeological Practice 3(3):235-248.

2015b  I Explained 3D Scanning and 3D Printing to Weird Al at Jamestown, and Other Tales of the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Virginia Archaeologist 32 (1):12-13.

Means, Bernard K. and Elizabeth Moore
2015    Virginia Commonwealth University: Digital Zooarchaeology. ICAZ (International Council for Archaeozoology) Newsletter 16 (1):11-12.

Presentations in 2015

Virtual Curation Laboratory and the Virginia War Memorial. Demonstration at the 2nd annual Miniatures Show, Virginia War Memorial, November 21, 2015, Richmond, Virginia.

Slavery Project: A Historical Depiction Using Minecraft and 3D Printing. Presentation and demonstration by Shirley Gazsi (AntiquityNow), Bernard K. Means, and Peter Albert (The Hun School) at the National Council for Social Studies, November 13, 2015, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Visualizing Jamestown’s Artifacts through 3D Scanning and Printing. Presentation by Bernard K. Means and Jeff Aronowitz (Jamestown Rediscovery) at the Jamestown Conference, November 12, 2015, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Integrating Analysis of (Virtual) Material Culture into the Classroom. Presentation in the “Teaching in the Humanities: Integrating Analysis of Material Culture into the Classroom” workshop, Humanities Research Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, November 11. 2015, Richmond, Virginia.

Using Tech to Bring the Past to Life. A workshop and demonstration by Bernard K. Means and Jeff Aronowitz (Jamestown Rediscovery) at the Virginia Association of Museum’s workshop “Archaeology in Action” organized by Jeff Aronowitz, November 9, 2015, Jamestown, Virginia.

Displaying the 3D Printed Past: A Visualization and Exhibiting Archaeology Workshop. A workshop and demonstration by Lucia Aguilar, Zoe Rahsman, Liz Ale, and Bernard K. Means, Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 17, 2015, Manassas, Virginia.

Creating a Customized 3D Printed Osteology Study Collection. Presentation by Bernard K. Means, Terrie Simmons-Ehrhardt, and Tal Simmons at the Mid-Atlantic Bioanthropology Interest Group 2015, Virginia Commonwealth University, October 10, 2015, Richmond, Virginia.

It Makes a Village: Showcasing the 3D Printed Past. Demonstration with Jeff Aronowitz of Jamestown Rediscovery, RVA MakerFest, October 3, 2015, Richmond, Virginia.

3D Printing and Archaeology. Video lecture to Dr. Eric Langhorst’s 8th grade class at Discovery Middle School, September 28, 2015, Liberty, Missouri.

When Americans Dug Their Past: Doing Archaeology During the Great Depression. Presentation with discussion of 3D printed replicas at the Glenn A. Black Laboratory of Archaeology, Indiana University at Bloomington, September 18, 2015, Bloomington, Indiana.

Building a Virtual Bridge between VCU and HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar (Garhwal), India. Berglund Seminar Series, Virginia Commonwealth University Honors College, August 26, 2015, Richmond, Virginia.

Investing in the Future by Curating the Past: the Veterans Curation Program and the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Veterans Curation Program, Alexandria Office, August 24, 2015, Alexandria, Virginia.

Virtual Curation and North India’s Past. HNB Garhwal University, August 4, 2015, Srinigar (Garhwal), Uttarakhand, India.

Virtual Curation and the Printed Past. Public archaeology event for the Germanna Foundation, July 16, 2015, Locust Grove, Virginia.

Virtual Curation Laboratory and Day of Archaeology 2015. Public archaeology event for Archaeology in the Community, July 18, 2015, Washington, D.C.

A Virtual Curation Primer. Demonstration and workshop by Bernard K. Means at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service National Conservation Training Center, May 15, 2015, Shepherdstown, West Virginia.

Making the Past in the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Demonstration by Bernard K. Means as part of the Active Learning Makerspace during ALTFest, organized by the ALTLab, May 13, 2015, Richmond, Virginia.

The Printed Past. Demonstration by Bernard K. Means as part of 3D/DC, an advocacy and policy event organized by Public Knowledge, in the Reyburn House Office Building, April 29, 2015, Washington, D.C.

3-D Replication and Reclamation of the Elgin Marbles. Poster presented by Athena Beskenis in the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program annual poster symposium, April 22, 2015.

Beyond the Horizon: The Limitless Potential of 3D Technology in Archaeology. Poster presented by Rebecca Bowman in the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program annual poster symposium, April 22, 2015.

Conservation, 3D Printing, and an Old Super Nintendo. Poster presented by Lytesha Ellis in the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program annual poster symposium, April 22, 2015.

The Game of Archaeology. Poster presented by Lauren Hogg in the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program annual poster symposium, April 22, 2015.

Promoting the Practical and Educational Uses of 3D Technology in Archaeology. Poster presented by Rebecca Bowman as part of the second annual Virginia Commonwealth University School of World Studies Senior Symposium, April 20, 2015.

Conservation, 3D Printing, and an Old Super Nintendo. Poster presented by Lytesha Ellis, as part of the second annual Virginia Commonwealth University School of World Studies Senior Symposium, April 20, 2015.

Giant Ground Sloths: Fact or Fake? Poster presented by Hannah Lickey as part of the second annual Virginia Commonwealth University School of World Studies Senior Symposium, April 20, 2015.

Why I Put a Venus of Willendorf on a Bicycle and Other Adventures in 3D Scanning. Presented as part of the Digital Data Interest Group Lightning Round, at the Society for American Archaeology annual meeting, April 17, 2015, San Francisco, California.

Bring Out Your Dead: Pondering Passenger Pigeons (and Projectile Points) While Building Digital Type Collections at the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Poster presented by Bernard K. Means and Lauren Volkers in the session “Crowdsourcing, Co-creation, and Collaboration through Virtual Curation,” organized by Bernard K. Means, at the Society for American Archaeology annual meeting, April 16, 2015, San Francisco, California.

The Painful Past in 3D: the Virtual Curation Laboratory and Landscapes of Enslavement. Presentation by Bernard K. Means at the “Small Finds Work Group: Landscapes of Enslavement”, organized by Laura J. Galke, April 9, 2015, Fredericksburg, Virginia.

The Past in 3D. Demonstration by Bernard K. Means as part of the Community Tent at the “Sesquicentennial of Richmond’s Fall,” Richmond, Virginia, April 4, 2015.

Scanning and Printing the Past in the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Presentation and demonstration by Bernard K. Means to the staff at the Institute of Museum and Library Services, March 16, 2015, Washington, D.C.

 Painting the Printed Past. Demonstration by Lucia Aguilar in the workshop “P*O*W/E*R: Public Outreach Workshop for Engaging Research,” Organized by Bernard K. Means, at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 14, 2015, Ocean City, Maryland.

Mending the Broken Past: Tactically and Virtually. Demonstration by Rebecca Bowman in the workshop “P*O*W/E*R: Public Outreach Workshop for Engaging Research,” Organized by Bernard K. Means, at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 14, 2015, Ocean City, Maryland.

Design Your Own Exhibit. Demonstration by Carson Collier in the workshop “P*O*W/E*R: Public Outreach Workshop for Engaging Research,” Organized by Bernard K. Means, at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 14, 2015, Ocean City, Maryland.

Exploring Virginia’s Earliest Inhabitants. Demonstration by Brenna Geraghty in the workshop “P*O*W/E*R: Public Outreach Workshop for Engaging Research,” Organized by Bernard K. Means, at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 14, 2015, Ocean City, Maryland.

Plastic for the People: Engaging Students and the Public with 3D Scanned and Printed Artifacts. Demonstration by Bernard K. Means in the workshop “P*O*W/E*R: Public Outreach Workshop for Engaging Research,” Organized by Bernard K. Means, at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 14, 2015, Ocean City, Maryland.

Preserving the Past and Teaching the Future: The Promises of 3D Scanning and 3D Printing. Presentation by Bernard K. Means in the session “Conservation in the Mid Atlantic,” organized by Howard Wellman, at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, March 13, 2015, Ocean City, Maryland.

Printing the Past: Fostering an Interdisciplinary Approach to Museum Education through 3D Scanning and Printing. Presentations and demonstrations by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory), Mark Summers (Historic Jamestowne-Jamestown Rediscovery), and Jeff Aronowitz (Historic Jamestowne-Jamestown Rediscovery) at the Virginia Association of Museums annual meeting, March 8, 2015, Richmond, Virginia.

3D Scanning, Printing, and Painting the Past: The Virtual Curation Laboratory and Archaeology in the Middle Atlantic. Presented in the symposium “Recent Discoveries: Archaeology in the Chesapeake Region” sponsored by the Friends of Fairfax Archaeology, February 7, 2015, at Gunston Hall, Lorton, Virginia.

Educational Applications of 3D Printing in the Virtual Curation Lab. MakerBot Monthly Webinar by Bernard K. Means, January 20, 2015.

If They Can Build It Will They Come? Using Artifictions and Ecofictions to Teach the Past. Paper presented by Bernard K. Means in the session “Can Lightning Strike Twice? Thrice? Sharing Tips and Tricks for Engaging the Public,” organized by Bernard K. Means, at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, January 10, 2015, Seattle, Washington.

Hit Them Where They Learn: Educational Policy and Archaeologists as Architects. Bernard K. Means discussed virtual curation as a form of teaching in panel led by Steve J. Dasovich, at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, January 10, 2015, Seattle, Washington.

Media in 2015

Ann
2015    Century – Old Ham and Peanut Butter Has Been Saved Successfully Through 3d Scanning Technology. WerCan Blog. Electronic document, http://blog.wercan.com/century-old-ham-and-peanut-butter-has-been-saved-successfully-through-3d-scanning-technology.html, assessed December 21, 2015.

Archaeology
2015    Historic Ham & Peanut Get High-Tech Treatment. Electronic document, published December 14, 2015, http://www.archaeology.org/news/4004-151214-virginia-ham-peanut, accessed December 14, 2015.

AZO Optics
2015    VCU Anthropology Professor Uses 3-D Scanner to Scan World’s Oldest Ham and Peanut. AZO Optics. Electronic document, published December 14, 2015, http://www.azooptics.com/News.aspx?newsID=21932, accessed on December 19, 2015.

Balingit, Moriah
2015    She went to college to study anthropology and found her slave ancestors nearby. Washington Post Metro section, September 26, 2015. Electronic document, published September 23, 2015, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/she-went-to-college-to-study-anthropology-and-found-her-slave-ancestors-nearby/2015/09/23/3e6a683e-5c9a-11e5-8e9e-dce8a2a2a679_story.html, accessed September 23, 2015.

Eaton, Lorraine
2015    Isle of Wight Museum relics go high-tech. The Virginia-Pilot. Electronic document, published December 20, 2015, http://www.pilotonline.com/news/local/science/isle-of-wight-museum-relics-go-high-tech/article_84782788-ba6f-5bce-b8c1-f5c0d10a5d23.html, accessed December 20, 2015.

ECN Magazine
2015    Professor 3-D Scans World’s Oldest Ham and Peanut. ECN Magazine. Electronic document, published December 14, 2015, http://www.ecnmag.com/news/2015/12/professor-3-d-scans-worlds-oldest-ham-amd-peanut, accessed December 14, 2015.

Fawcett, Kristin
2015    Archaeologist 3D Scans the ‘World’s Oldest Ham’ for Science. Mental_floss. Electronic document, published December 18, 2015, http://mentalfloss.com/article/72674/archaeologist-3d-scans-worlds-oldest-ham-science, accessed December 19, 2015.

Geraghty, Brenna
2015    Brenna Geraghty – Virginia Museum of Natural History. Electronic document, published July 25, 2015, http://www.dayofarchaeology.com/brenna-geraghty-virginia-museum-of-natural-history/, accessed July 25, 2015.

Hays, Brooks
2015    Scientist scan world’s oldest ham, peanut. Electronic document, published December 14, 2015, http://www.upi.com/Science_News/2015/12/14/Scientist-scan-worlds-oldest-ham-peanut/3531450121403/, accessed December 14, 2015.

History Blog, The
2015    Centenarian ham and peanut 3D scanned. The History Blog. Electronic document, published December 15, 2015, http://www.thehistoryblog.com/archives/39919, accessed December 19, 2015.

Killgrove, Kristina
2015a  How 3D Printed Bones Are Revolutionizing Forensics and Bioarchaeology. Forensic News. Electronic document, published May 28, 2015, http://www.forensic-news.com/how-3d-printed-bones-are-revolutionizing-forensics-and-bioarchaeology/, accessed May 29, 2015.

2015b  Archaeologist 3D Scans World’s Oldest Preserved Ham and Peanut. Forbes. Electronic document, published December 15, 2015, http://www.forbes.com/sites/kristinakillgrove/2015/12/15/archaeologist-3d-scans-worlds-oldest-preserved-ham-and-peanut/, accessed December 15, 2015.

Kira
2015    Virginia archeologist 3D scans century-old peanut and world’s oldest ham. 3ders. Electronic document published December 16, 2015, http://www.3ders.org/articles/20151215-virginia-archeologist-3d-scans-century-old-peanut-and-worlds-oldest-ham.html, accessed December 16, 2015.

Knight, Matt
2015    World’s oldest ham and peanut receive 3D scans at Isle of Wight County Museum. Electronic document published December 10, 2015, http://wtkr.com/2015/12/10/worlds-oldest-ham-and-peanut-receive-3d-scans-at-isle-of-wight-county-museum/, accessed December 15, 2015.

Lo, Karen
2015    World’s Oldest Ham Has ‘Powerful Scent I Cannot Describe,’ Archeologist Says. The Daily Meal, published on December 16, 2015. Electronic document, http://www.thedailymeal.com/eat/world-s-oldest-ham-has-powerful-scent-i-cannot-describe-archeologist-says/121615, accessed December 19, 2015.

Matisons, Michelle
2015    WWII Veteran’s Experience Commemorated with 3D Printed Figurine at Virginia War Memorial. Electronic document published May 19, 2015, http://3dprint.com/66083/ww-ii-veterans-3d-print/, accessed May 19, 2015.

McNeill, Brian
2015a  WWII veteran’s harrowing mid-air escape commemorated with help of 3-D printer. Electronic document published May 15, 2015, http://news.vcu.edu/article/WWII_veterans_harrowing_midair_escape_commemorated_with_help, accessed May 17, 2015.

2015b  Anthropology major uncovers her family ties to slavery at James Madison’s Montpelier. Electronic document published September 11, 2015, https://news.vcu.edu/article/Anthropology_major_uncovers_her_family_ties_to_slavery_at_James, accessed September 11, 2015.

2015c  At Virginia Museum of Natural History, students help design exhibit on Virginia exploration. Electronic document published October 1, 2015, https://news.vcu.edu/article/At_Virginia_Museum_of_Natural_History_students_help_design_exhibit, accessed October 1, 2015.

2015d VCU professor 3-D scans world’s oldest ham, peanut. Electronic document, published December 11, 2014, http://news.vcu.edu/article/VCU_professor_3D_scans_worlds_oldest_ham_peanut, accessed December 14, 2015.

2015e  Professor 3-D scans world’s oldest ham, peanut. Electronic document, published December 14, 2015, http://phys.org/news/2015-12-professor-d-scans-world-oldest.html, accessed December 14, 2015.

2015f   Researcher 3-D Scans World’s Oldest Ham, Peanut, http://www.laboratoryequipment.com/news/2015/12/researcher-3-d-scans-worlds-oldest-ham-peanut, accessed December 14, 2015.

Means, Bernard K.
2015  Making a Future for the Past in the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Electronic document published July 25, 2015, http://www.dayofarchaeology.com/making-a-future-for-the-past/, accessed July 25, 2015.

Millsaps, Bridget Butler
2015    Visualizing & Exhibiting Anthropology: VCU Students 3D Scan, Print & Hand Paint Hundreds of Artifacts for Virginia Museum of Natural History Exhibit. Electronic document published October 16, 2015, http://3dprint.com/101074/3D-ARTIFACTS-MUSEUM-EXHIBIT/, accessed October 18, 2015.

Moore, Elizabeth
2015    Fabricating the Past. Electronic document published July 24, 2015, http://www.dayofarchaeology.com/fabricating-the-past/, accessed July 25, 2015.

Oliver, Ned
2015    VCU professor is the man who scans hams. Richmond Times-Dispatch. Electronic document published December 24, 2015, http://www.richmond.com/article_30b10fc3-02db-5357-bb13-46d66901b43a.html, accessed December 27, 2015.

Poppy, Carrie
2015    Adventurous Professor 3D-Scans The World’s Oldest Ham and Peanut. Tech Times. Electronic document published December 15, 2015, http://www.techtimes.com/articles/116480/20151215/adventurous-professor-3d-scans-world-oldest-ham-peanut.htm, accessed December 15, 2015.

Richter, Ashley
2015    The 3D Printed Past: A Rundown of the Most Fabulous On-Going Archaeological 3D Printing Projects. Popular Archaeology 17. Available online at: http://popular-archaeology.com/blog/adventures-in-digital-archaeology/the-3d-printed-past, accessed May 17, 2015.

Scott, Clare
2015    Archaeology Preserves All Kinds of History: Professor 3D Scans the World’s Oldest Ham and Peanut. 3D Print.com. Electronic document published December 16, 2015,http://3dprint.com/111222/worlds-oldest-ham-and-peanut/, accessed December 16, 2015.

Timmerman, Jeremy
2015    Mercer Technician Fashions Fossil Replicas with 3-D Printer.  The Telegraph. Electronic document published June 28, 2015, http://www.macon.com/2015/06/28/3819858_mercer-technician-fashions-fossil.html?rh=1, accessed June 29, 2015.

Virginia Currents
2015    Russell Scott; D-Day 50th; Military Aviation Museum. Virginia Currents, broadcast on November 12. Electronic document, http://video.ideastations.org/video/2365608937/, accessed November 19, 2015.

Webster, Chris and Chris Sims
2015    3D Scanning and Printing. Episode 19. ArchaeoTech Podcast, broadcast on December 14, 2015. Electronic document, http://www.archaeologypodcastnetwork.com/archaeotech/19, accessed December 21, 2015.

Williams, Ben R.
2015    Ice Age Creatures on Display. Martinsville Bulletin, published online December 17, 2015. Electronic document, http://www.martinsvillebulletin.com/news/ice-age-creatures-on-display/article_57f436ea-a53d-11e5-8c3d-3ba799e846b3.html, accessed December 19, 2015.

Williams, Michael Paul
2015    VCU student uncovers ancestral connection to Madison’s Montpelier. Richmond Times-Dispatch. Electronic document published September 10, 2015, http://www.richmond.com/news/local/michael-paul-williams/article_c837b08d-2511-5247-831a-0d6159dd9256.html, accessed September 10, 2015.

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