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VCU Archaeology

A Year in Review for the the Virtual Curation Laboratory: 2014 Edition

by Bernard K. Means, Director

Well, 2014 was quite the busy year. We scanned, presented, conducted workshops, or did public outreach at 26 different locations. George Washington’s Ferry Farm and Jamestown Rediscovery each saw 11 different visits from the Virtual Curation Laboratory, followed closely by the Virginia Museum of Natural History at 9 visits. We spent 5 days at The State Museum of Pennsylvania, followed by 4 days each at the New York State Museum and the Research Laboratories of Archaeology at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill.  Lauren Volkers and I went up on the Space Shuttle Discovery (via a lift) at the Udvar-Hazy facility of the Smithsonian Institution’s National Air and Space Museum, and we developed a productive relationship with the Virginia War Memorial, which involved quite a bit of scanning of borrowed miniatures. We also scanned features at George Washington’s Ferry Farm, James Madison’s Montpelier, George Washington’s Mount Vernon, the Fairfield Foundation, Colonial Williamsburg Archaeology, and two Monongahela village sites in Western Pennsylvania. And, a great number or artifacts, which we also 3D printed by the score.  We participated in Archaeology in the Community’s Day of Archaeology, spoke to students at the Richmond Waldorf School and Clover Hill High School, and talked to archaeologists at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, and the Society for American Archaeology annual meeting.

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2015 looks to be a very busy year. We will be completing our Department of Defense Legacy Program project, and also developing components of an exhibit at the Virginia Museum of Natural History that will feature 3D printed replicas of our artifact scans. There will be a fresh crop of interns, many of whom will present and publish on their research in the Virtual Curation Laboratory. I close with a list of the publications, presentations, and media attention that the Virtual Curation Laboratory has seen in 2014. I expect more of the same in the coming year.

Publications in 2014

Bowles, Courtney
2014 Moving Between Reality as Virtual and Reality as Actual. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 84 (1):4-8.

Ellrich, Aaron
2014a Lithics and Lasers: 3D Scanning Prehistoric Projectile Points from James Madison’s Montpelier. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 69 (1):57-68.

2014b Heritage and Display: Who Matters? What Matters? And Where Do Archaeologists and Museum Practitioners Stand? Unpublished undergraduate honors thesis in Anthropology, School of World Studies, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Huber, Allen
2014a Broken Bones: Digital Curation and Mending of Human Remains. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 69 (1):37-45.

2014b Handing the Past to the Present: The Impact of 3D Printing on Public Archaeology. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 84 (1):9-13.

Hulvey, Rachael
2014a Manipulating Montpelier: Creating a Virtual Exhibit of Life at Montpelier for the Madisons and their Enslaved People. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 69 (1):69-74.

2014b New Dimensions: 3D Scanning of Iroquoian Effigy Ceramics. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 84 (1):14-18.

McCuistion, Ashley
2014a One Million Years of Technology: Lithic Analysis and 3D Scanning in the 21st Century. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 69 (1):47-56.

2014b Beneath Washington’s Feet: A Study and Analysis of Prehistory at Ferry Farm. Unpublished undergraduate honors thesis in Anthropology, School of World Studies, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Means, Bernard K.
2014a Two Years Before the Past: Activities in the Virtual Curation Laboratory @ VCU from August 2011 to December 2013. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 69 (1):3-16.

2014b Virtual Curation and Virtual Collaboration. In Blogging Archaeology, edited by Doug Rocks-Macqueen and Chris Webster, pp. 121-144. Landward Research, Ltd. In Association with Succinct Research and DIGTECH LLC.

2014c Current Research in the Virtual Curation Laboratory @ Virginia Commonwealth University: Introduction to the Collected Papers. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 84 (1):1-3.

2014d Who Benefits From Virtual Curation? Pennsylvania Archaeologist 84 (1):23-26.

2014e A Huge Game of Chess Played All Over the World: Using Chess to Teach Historical Archaeology. The SHA Newsletter 47 (2):17-19. Available online at: http://www.sha.org/assets/documents/Summer2014.pdf

Mullins, Paul
2014 More Real than Real: Re-Visualizing the Digital Artifact. Available online at: http://paulmullins.wordpress.com/2014/04/29/more-real-than-real-re-visualizing-the-digital-artifact/

Selden, Jr., Robert Z., Bernard K. Means, Jon C. Lohse, Charles Koenig, and Stephen L. Black
2014 Beyond Documentation: 3D Data in Archaeology. Texas Archaeology 58 (4):20-24. Available online at: http://www.txarch.org/Publications/newsletters/index.html

Volkers, Lauren
2014 The Miss Measure of Artifacts? Examining Digital Models of Artifact Replicas to Observe Variation on Size and Form. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 69 (1):17-28.

Zechini, Mariana
2014a Zooarchaeology in the 21st Century. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 69 (1):29-36.

2014b Rocky Raccoon: The Application of 3D Technology to Zooarchaeology. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 84 (1):19-22.

2014c Digital Zooarchaeology: Faunal Analysis in the 21st Century. Unpublished undergraduate honors thesis in Anthropology, School of World Studies, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Presentations or Demonstrations in 2014

Virtual/Material. A Virginia Commonwealth University Libraries/Academic Learning Transformation Laboratory/Office of Research Digital Pragmata presentation with panelists Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory), Courtney Freeman (Virginia Museum of Fine Arts), and Diane Harnish (Primal Pictures), December 3, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

3D Scanning and Printing of Military Miniatures and Artifacts. Demonstration by Bernard K. Means and Chelsea Miller at the Virginia War Memorial, November 22, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Role of Public Archaeology in Underwater Exploration. Poster presented by Ivana Adzic at the 20th Annual School of World Studies Student Research Conference, Virginia Commonwealth University, November 20, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

The Techniques and Attributes of Variation in Clovis Points. Poster presented by Athena Beskenis and Eleanor Mudd at the 20th Annual School of World Studies Student Research Conference, Virginia Commonwealth University, November 20, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

The Battle between Technologies: Physical vs. Virtual Artifact Mending. Poster presented by Rebecca Bowman at the 20th Annual School of World Studies Student Research Conference, Virginia Commonwealth University, November 20, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Shelling Out: Bringing Zooarchaeology into the Classroom with Aquatic Species from the Chesapeake Bay Area. Poster presented by Carson Collier at the 20th Annual School of World Studies Student Research Conference, Virginia Commonwealth University, November 20, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Pre-Clovis and 3D: The Future of Site Identification in Virginia. Poster presented by Brenna Geraghty at the 20th Annual School of World Studies Student Research Conference, Virginia Commonwealth University, November 20, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Touching the Past: Printing and Sharing Archaeological Replicas. Poster presented by Kaitlyn Lyford at the 20th Annual School of World Studies Student Research Conference, Virginia Commonwealth University, November 20, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Realizing the Research Potential of 3D Underwater Archaeology off Virginia’s coast at VDHR. Presentation by Ivana Adzic (Virtual Curation Laboratory at VCU) in the session “You Dug It Up, Now What? Conservation, Public Outreach, and Research of Archaeological Collections,” organized by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 11, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

From Physical to Virtual and Everything in Between! Presentation by Rebecca Bowman (Virtual Curation Laboratory at VCU) in the session “You Dug It Up, Now What? Conservation, Public Outreach, and Research of Archaeological Collections,” organized by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 11, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

A Pointed Inquiry- Understanding Tool-Making Behavior and Landscape Usage Through Experimental Archaeology. Presentation by John Bush (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) in the session “You Dug It Up, Now What? Conservation, Public Outreach, and Research of Archaeological Collections,” organized by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 11, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

The Future of the Past: Building a 3D Field Guide for Early Sites in Virginia. Brenna Geraghty (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) in the session “You Dug It Up, Now What? Conservation, Public Outreach, and Research of Archaeological Collections,” organized by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 11, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

Resurrecting Jamestown: Digitally Scanning America’s First English Colony. Presentation by Lauren Volkers (Virtual Curation Laboratory) in the session “You Dug It Up, Now What? Conservation, Public Outreach, and Research of Archaeological Collections,” organized by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 11, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

I Cannot Tell a Lie: The Educational Benefits of 3D Printed Artifacts for Public Archaeology at George Washington’s Ferry Farm. Presentation by Vivian Hite (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) in the session “You Dug It Up, Now What? Conservation, Public Outreach, and Research of Archaeological Collections,” organized by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 11, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

Jordan’s Journey: Going Public through 3-D Printing. Presentation by Lauren Hogg (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) in the session “You Dug It Up, Now What? Conservation, Public Outreach, and Research of Archaeological Collections,” organized by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 11, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

Shelling Out: Bringing Zooarchaeology into the Classroom with Aquatic Species from the Chesapeake Bay Area. Presentation by Carson Collier (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) in the session “You Dug It Up, Now What? Conservation, Public Outreach, and Research of Archaeological Collections,” organized by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 11, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

Poor Martha, Gone These 100 Years: Digital Zooarchaeology of Passenger Pigeons and other Extinct Animals. Presentation by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory), Elizabeth Moore (Virginia Museum of Natural History) and Mariana Zechini (University of West Florida) in the session “You Dug It Up, Now What? Conservation, Public Outreach, and Research of Archaeological Collections,” organized by Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University) at the Archeological Society of Virginia annual meeting, October 11, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

3D Archaeology at Jamestown. Presentation to James Triesler’s advanced history class, Clover Hill High School, October 1, 2014, Midlothian, Virginia.

Cannibalism, Butchered Bones, and Death on the English Frontier: the Virtual Curation Laboratory and the Archaeology of Jamestown. Public archaeology lecture, Virginia Commonwealth University, September 26, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

Digital Scanned 3-D Reproduced Elements of Extinct Species; The Future Examines the Past. Poster presentation by Bruce L. Manzano (University of Kentucky), Bernard K. Means (Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University), Mariana Zechini (University of West Florida), and Christopher Begley (Transylvania University) at International Council of Archaeozoologists meeting, September 23, 2014, San Rafael (Mendoza), Argentina.

3D Digital Models and 3D Printed Replicas from Around the World: Activities in the Virtual Curation Laboratory Presentation and demonstration for the Richmond Area Mensa Youth Group by Bernard K. Means and Carson Collier, Virginia, Commonwealth University, September 13, 2014, Richmond, Virginia.

3D Printing and the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Workshop presentation as part of the Advance Learning Technologies (ALT) Lab open house, Virginia Commonwealth University, September 10, 2014.

Applications of Digital Visualization through 3D Laser Scanning and 3D Printing. A lecture and workshop by Bernard k. Means, sponsored by the Research Laboratories of Archaeology and the Kenan Science Library, August 7, 2014, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Teaching Virtual Archaeology. A workshop featuring printed replicas of scanned artifacts and scanning of artifacts by Bernard K. Means. George Washington’s Ferry Farm, July 28, 2014.

Virtual Archaeology and Day of Archaeology. Public archaeology event sponsored by Archaeology in the Community featuring an interactive display of printed replicas of scanned artifacts by Bernard K. Means, July 11, 2014, Washington, D.C.

Virtual Archaeology. Public archaeology featuring an interactive display of printed replicas of scanned artifacts by Bernard K. Means. George Washington’s Ferry Farm, July 4, 2014, Fredericksburg, Virginia.

Teaching Zooarchaeology. Presentation and demonstration by Carson Collier to the James Blair Middle School, July 7, 2014, Norfolk, Virginia.

Virtual Curation, Virginia History, and Artifact Chess. Presentation and demonstration by Bernard K. Means and Lauren Hogg to Ms. Katie Bullington’s 4th grade class. Richmond Waldorf School, May 7, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Printing the Past to Engage the Public. Poster presented by Vivian Hite at the Virginia Commonwealth University School of World Studies 1st Annual Senior Research Symposium and Poster Exposition, April 25, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

From the Fields of Ferry Farm. Poster presented by Ashley McCuistion at the Virginia Commonwealth University School of World Studies 1st Annual Senior Research Symposium and Poster Exposition, April 25, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Beyond Extinction: Digital Zooarchaeology and the Passenger Pigeon. Paper presented by Mariana Zechini at the Virginia Commonwealth University School of World Studies 1st Annual Senior Research Symposium and Poster Exposition, April 25, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Digital Skeletons: Zooarchaeology in the 21st Century. Poster presented by Mariana Zechini at the Virginia Commonwealth University School of World Studies 1st Annual Senior Research Symposium and Poster Exposition, April 25, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Virtual Curation Laboratory. Paper presented by Bernard K. Means in the Digital Data Interest Group Lightning Round, organized by Ethan Watrall at the Society for American Archaeology annual meeting, Austin, Texas. April 25, 2014.

Promoting a More Interactive Public Archaeology: Archaeological Visualization and Reflexivity through Virtual Artifact Curation. Paper presented by Bernard K. Means in the session “Co-Creation, the Public, and the Archaeological Record” organized and chaired by Elizabeth Bollwerk and Robert Connolly at the Society for American Archaeology annual meeting, Austin, Texas. April 25, 2014.

Printing the Past to Engage the Public. Poster presented by Vivian Hite at the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Poster Symposium, April 23, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

From the Fields of Ferry Farm. Poster presented by Ashley McCuistion at the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Poster Symposium, April 23, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Making a Point. Poster presented by Sarah Perdue at the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Poster Symposium, April 23, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Virtually Scanning Jamestown 1607-1610. Poster presented by Lauren Volkers at the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Poster Symposium, April 23, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

Digital Skeletons: Zooarchaeology in the 21st Century. Poster presented by Mariana Zechini at the Virginia Commonwealth University Undergraduate Research Poster Symposium, April 23, 2014. Richmond, Virginia.

If You Virtually Build It, Will They Come? Creating a Virtual Museum for the Monongahela Tradition. Paper presented by Bernard K. Means at the Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology annual meeting, Greensburg, Pennsylvania, April 5, 2014.

Virtual Artifact Scanning and Printing. Demonstration by Bernard K. Means at the Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology annual meeting, April 4-5, 2014, Greensburg, Pennsylvania.

Without Walls: Building the Virtual Curation Museum. Invited paper by Bernard K. Means in the session ”Archaeology Does Not End at the Trowel’s Edge: Why Conservation and Collections Matter to Middle Atlantic Archaeologists” organized by Emily Williams at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Langhorne, Pennsylvania, March 15, 2014.

Promoting Research While Virtually Preserving the Past: Creating Undergraduate Research Opportunities through the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Invited discussion by Bernard K. Means in the forum “Boot Camp for Teaching Undergraduate Archaeology: Lessons from the Middle Atlantic,” organized by Carole Nash and Heather Wholey at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Langhorne, Pennsylvania, March 14, 2014.

S.M.A.A.R.T. Workshop: Studies in Middle Atlantic Archaeological Research and Technology. Organized by Bernard K. Means at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Langhorne, Pennsylvania, March 14, 2014.

New Deal Archaeology. Presentation and demonstration by Bernard K. Means to Emmett Hickham’s American history students. Clover Hill High School, February 19, 2014, Midlothioan, Virginia.

Media in 2014

AntiquityNow
2014 Saving the Past With 3D Printing: An Interview with Dr. Bernard Means, Director of the Virtual Curation Laboratory. Interview by Shirley Gazsi of AntiquityNow. Posted online November 18, 2014. Available online at: http://antiquitynow.org/2014/11/18/saving-the-past-with-3d-printing-an-interview-with-dr-bernard-means-director-of-the-virtual-curation-laboratory/

Bell, Tracy
2014 Students Dig into Past at Ferry Farm. The Free Lance-Star, August 19. Available online at: http://www.freelancestar.com/2014-08-19/articles/43181/students-dig-into-past-at-ferry-farm/

Coates, Emma
2014 Making History: A 3-D Printer at VCU’s Virtual Curation Laboratory is Broadening Public Access to Fragile Archaeological Finds. Richmond Magazine June 2014, p. 26.

Connolly, Gregory
2014 Jamestown Unearthed: 3-D Printing Technology Brings Artifacts to Life. Williamsburg Yorktown Daily. Published December 26. Available online at: http://wydaily.com/?p=81080

McNeill, Brian
2014a Lab uses 3-D Printing to Make Historical Artifact Chess Sets. Published April 1, 2014 online at: http://news.vcu.edu/article/Lab_uses_3D_printing_to_make_historical_artifact_chess_sets

2014b Lab Creates 3-D Scans of Military Miniatures for Virginia War Memorial. Published October 28, 2014, online at: http://news.vcu.edu/article/Lab_creates_3D_scans_of_military_miniatures_for_Virginia_War

Ogle, John
2014 VCU Lab Prints 3D Chess Pieces of Historic Significance. Interview by John Ogle, WCVE NPR Radio, April 7, 2014: Archived online at: http://ideastations.org/radio/news/vcu-lab-prints-3d-chess-pieces-historic-significance

Peters, Eric
2014 Saving Football: How One Fan Might Help Solve the Concussion Crisis – from his Garage. VCU News. Available online at: http://news.vcu.edu/article/Saving_football

Robins, Kim
2014 Modern Technology Employed to Study What Remains of Fairfield. Glochester-Mathews Gazette-Journal September 17. Available online at: http://www.gazettejournal.net/index.php/news/news_printme/13704

Stamp, Melissa
2014 3-D Technology Brings Artifacts to VCU. The Commonwealth Times October 22. Available online at: http://www.commonwealthtimes.org/2014/10/22/3-d-technology-brings-artifacts-to-vcu/

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